Shatt al-Arab

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Shatt al-Arab


a river in the Mesopotamian Lowland.

The Shatt al-Arab is 195 km long and drains an area of more than 1 million sq km. Formed near the city of al-Qurnah by the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, it forms a delta before emptying into the Persian Gulf. The channel of the river is between 700 and 1,000 m wide and from 7 to 20 m deep. The Karun River is a left tributary of the Shatt al-Arab.

High water on the Shatt al-Arab occurs in the spring; the water level is low in the autumn. The mean flow rate generally ranges from 1,000–2,000 cu m per sec to 6,000–8,000 cu m per sec; in particularly wet years it may reach 10,000–12,000 cu m per sec. The river is navigable; oceangoing vessels can sail as far as Basra. The cities of Basra (Iraq) and Abadan (Iran) are situated on the Shatt al-Arab.

References in periodicals archive ?
He also noted that up to the next four weeks dredging operations will be launched in Arvand Roud enabling 12-thousand-ton ships to navigate in the waterway.
The two countries have long sought to resolve problems pertaining to a shared stretch of water, called Arvand Roud.
Arvand Roud (known as the Shatt al-Arab in Arabic), a strategic 200 kilometers long (120-mile) extension of the Karoun river in Iran and the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Iraq, runs between Iraq and Iran, separating the two countries by a width of 400 to 1,500 meters (437 to 1,640 yards) before flowing into the Persian Gulf.
Given the full control of (our) border guard forces over Iran-Iraq water borders, the Iranian forces have confiscated six Iraqi boats that had crossed the Iranian territorial waters in Arvand Roud illegally," Yadollah Sharaffi, Iran's Border Guard Commander in the southern port city of Abadan, said in interview with FNA.
The Algiers Agreement (commonly known as the Algiers Accord, sometimes as the Algiers Declaration) was an agreement between Iran and Iraq to settle their border disputes (such as Arvand Roud - known as Shatt al-Arab in Iraq) and served as the basis for the bilateral treaties signed on 13 June and 26 December 1975.
No measure has been adopted in violation of these undertakings while we have also welcomed technical talks in this regard as well," Iran's Deputy Foreign Minister for Legal and International Affairs Seyed Mohammad Ali Hosseini told FNA responding to recent media claims that Iraqis living alongside the ancient Arvand Roud (Shatt al-Arab) waterway face an environmental disaster because of the massive dams built by the neighboring Iran.