Shatt al-Arab

(redirected from Arvand river)

Shatt al-Arab

 

a river in the Mesopotamian Lowland.

The Shatt al-Arab is 195 km long and drains an area of more than 1 million sq km. Formed near the city of al-Qurnah by the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, it forms a delta before emptying into the Persian Gulf. The channel of the river is between 700 and 1,000 m wide and from 7 to 20 m deep. The Karun River is a left tributary of the Shatt al-Arab.

High water on the Shatt al-Arab occurs in the spring; the water level is low in the autumn. The mean flow rate generally ranges from 1,000–2,000 cu m per sec to 6,000–8,000 cu m per sec; in particularly wet years it may reach 10,000–12,000 cu m per sec. The river is navigable; oceangoing vessels can sail as far as Basra. The cities of Basra (Iraq) and Abadan (Iran) are situated on the Shatt al-Arab.

References in periodicals archive ?
Tangsiri referred to the IRGC's detention of four US military men and two Kuwaitis in the Persian Gulf almost 13 years ago sailing on two boats equipped with different state-of-the-art weapons who intended to cross Arvand river in Southern Iran, and said, "The footage and their equipment (seized by Iran) still exist but we didn't publicize it for security reasons.
Mohammad Bagherzadeh, who heads the hunt for the missing, says as many as 175 of those bodies belong to Iranian frogmen who were captured during an operation to cross the Arvand River into Iraq.
Finally, some experts claimed, more that 4 million Bareilly, Oil spill into Persian Gulf, this is one of the biggest environmental disaster that contain Arvand river bank to Iran and Kuwait bank and Persian Gulf and Oman sea (see pictures 1, 2, 3).
According to other media reports, the Iraqi delegation will also discuss ongoing work to clear ordnance from the strategic Shatt al-Arab waterway -- known in Iran as the Arvand river -- which became a front during the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war.
The border runs through the Shatt Al Arab, which is called the Arvand River by Iran.
The troops were detained after their boats apparently strayed on to the Iranian side of the Shatt al-Arab waterway, or Arvand River, that runs along the Iran-Iraq border while delivering a patrol boat to Iraq's new river police.
If the Iraqi regime had left power two weeks ago there would not have been lots of human suffering and pain,' said Mohammad Ali, 67, who runs a tinygrocery store next to the Arvand river, known as the Shatt al-Arab to Iraqis, which separates Abadan from Iraq.
Rahmani Fazli also said that Iran is planning to construct a bridge over Arvand River in Southwestern Iran to facilitate visits by Iranian pilgrims to the neighboring country's holy Shiite sites.
Subsequently, four government representatives signed the Istanbul Protocol of 1913, according to it Russian and Britain governments were appointed responsible for determining the boundaries between Ottoman and Iran and Arvand River went under the rule of Ottoman and Britain.
He did not, for example, say whether Iraq rejected the thalweg as the border in the Shatt al-Arab, known as the Arvand River in Iran.
The 1975 Algiers Agreement (also known as the Algiers Accord, sometimes as the Algiers Declaration) was an agreement between Iran and Iraq to settle their border disputes (such as the Shatt al-Arab, known as Arvand River in Iran), and served as basis for the bilateral treaties signed on June 13 and December 26, 1975.
Akhoundi further pointed to the country's long borderlines alongside of the Sea of Oman, the Persian Gulf and the Arvand River in Southern part of the country, and stressed the need for making use of such fruitful opportunities for development of marine transportation.