Arvid Carlsson


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Carlsson, Arvid,

1923–, Swedish pharmacologist, grad. Univ. of Lund, Sweden, (M.D., Ph.D., 1951). Carlsson was a professor at the Univ. of Lund (1951–59) and at the Univ. of Gothenburg, Sweden (1959–89). In 2000 he, Paul GreengardGreengard, Paul,
1925–, American neuroscientist, b. New York City, Ph.D. Johns Hopkins, 1953. Greengard was on the staff at Geigy Research Laboratories (1959–67) and a professor at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine (1961–70) and Yale (1968–83).
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, and Eric KandelKandel, Eric Richard,
1929–, American neurobiologist, b., Vienna, Austria, M.D. New York Univ., 1956. Kandel was at the Harvard Medical School (1960–65) and New York Univ. (1965–74) before joining the faculty at Columbia in 1974.
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 were awarded the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for their discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system. The nerve cells in the human brain are linked by a complex network of nerve processes, with messages being transmitted via various chemical transmitters. Carlsson was cited for discovering that dopaminedopamine
, one of the intermediate substances in the biosynthesis of epinephrine and norepinephrine. See catecholamine.
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 is one of those transmitters and that it is critical to movement control. His research led to the realization that lack of dopamine in certain parts of the brain causes Parkinson's diseaseParkinson's disease
or Parkinsonism,
degenerative brain disorder first described by the English surgeon James Parkinson in 1817. When there is no known cause, the disease usually appears after age 40 and is referred to as Parkinson's disease; a number of genes have
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. See also neurotransmitterneurotransmitter,
chemical that transmits information across the junction (synapse) that separates one nerve cell (neuron) from another nerve cell or a muscle. Neurotransmitters are stored in the nerve cell's bulbous end (axon).
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kandel, a professor at Columbia University, received the Nobel Prize in Medicine with Arvid Carlsson and Paul Greengard for their discoveries regarding how messages are transmitted in the neural system.
Precisely balancing dopaminergic tone with an antipsychotic drug being a partial dopamine agonist is a very exciting concept that I have championed for many years," said Arvid Carlsson, M.
The position has been held by Peder Berntsson since October last year, when he succeeded Arvid Carlsson, Nobel Laureate in Medicine in 2000 and co-founder of the company.
I am sure he will continue to build on the foundation Arvid Carlsson and Peder Berntsson has laid and to cement the company's strong commitment to the development of new treatments for psychiatric and neurological disorders.
The Swedish research group -- founded by Arvid Carlsson, Professor Emeritus of Pharmacology and a legendary neuroscientist at the Gothenburg University, Nobel laureate in Medicine in 2000, and in 1998 co-founder of A.
The Swedish research group, founded by Arvid Carlsson, Professor Emeritus of Pharmacology and a legendary neuroscientist at the Gothenburg University, Nobel laureate in Medicine in 2000, and co-founder of Carlsson Research, has an excellent track record of groundbreaking research leading to the development of several important treatment principles and drugs.
I am very pleased that Carlsson Research reached this agreement with Merck," says Professor Arvid Carlsson.
This is the principle of dopaminergic stabilisation", says Arvid Carlsson, 2000 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine and CEO at Carlsson Research.
The dopamine stabilisation properties of ACR16 also makes it a candidate for treatment of other neuropsychiatric disorders, such as ADHD, Huntington's disease, late stage Parkinson's disease, and dementia, since defects in dopaminergic functions are strongly linked to the symptomatologies of these disorders", says Arvid Carlsson.
ACP-103 represents a new and exciting class of antipsychotic drugs that may expand the treatment options for patients in this large area of unmet medical need," said Arvid Carlsson, M.
Joining Greengard in receiving the Nobel Prize are Arvid Carlsson from the Department of Pharmacology at the University of Gothenburg and Eric Kandel at the Center for Neurobiology and Behavior at Columbia University.
13 /PRNewswire/ -- ACADIA Pharmaceuticals announced the appointment of Arvid Carlsson, M.