Ashanti

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Related to Ashante: Ashanti Tribe

Ashanti

(äshän`tē) or

Asante

(äsän`tē), historic and modern administrative region, central Ghana, W Africa. The region is the source of much of Ghana's cocoa. It is inhabited by the Ashanti, a matrilineal Akan people who constitute one of Ghana's major ethnic groups. Before the 13th cent., Akan peoples migrated into the forest belt of present-day Ghana and established small states in the hilly country in the neighborhood of modern Kumasi. By the late 17th cent. the states had been welded by the Oyoko clan into the Ashanti confederation, with the capital at Kumasi and the Oyoko chieftain as king. After subduing neighboring states the confederation came into conflict with British settlements on the coast, although treaties of friendship were negotiated (1817, 1820). A series of Anglo-Ashanti wars in the 19th cent. ended with the defeat of the confederation (1896) and its annexation (1901) to the Gold Coast colony. The British exiled King Prempeh I to the Seychelles and, in spite of great resistance, broke up the confederation. It was restored in 1935. In 1945 the Ashanti were given representation in the executive and legislative councils of the Gold Coast. They supported an unsuccessful attempt to give Ghana a federal constitution in 1954 and resisted the centralizing measures of the Nkrumah government. The Ashanti king remains influential in S Ghana. The Ashanti are noted for the quality of their gold work and their colorful kente cloth, and are famous for the gold-encrusted stool that is the symbol of the kingship.

Bibliography

See R. A. Lystad, The Ashanti (1958, repr. 1968); R. Battray, Ashanti (1923, repr. 1971).

Ashanti

 

Federation of the Ashanti, an early feudal-type state that flourished on the territory of the Gold Coast (now Ghana) from the late 17th century to the 19th century. The state was formed in 1697–1701. Agriculture and household industries played a large part in the economy of Ashanti (pottery, woodcarving, weaving, metalworking, etc.). The slave trade and gold trade were practiced. The supreme chief (asantehene) stood at the head of the state, with his residence in the town of Kumasi, and local chiefs (omanhene) headed the various districts. In 1896, Great Britain seized Ashanti in the course of the seventh Anglo-Ashanti war and concluded a treaty with various tribes establishing a protectorate. The Ashanti government then ceased to exist. After the 1900 Ashanti uprising against the British colonial rule was put down, Britain incorporated the territory of Ashanti into the Gold Coast colony in 1901. In 1935 the British formally restored the Ashanti state, but power in the country actually remained in the hands of the British governor of the Gold Coast. After the formation of the independent state of Ghana, the territory of Ashanti obtained the status of a region under the 1957 constitution.

REFERENCES

Potekhin, I. I. “O feodalizme u ashanti.” Sovetskaia etnologiia, 1960, no. 6.
Potekhin, I. I. Stanovlenie novoi Gany. Moscow, 1965.

Ashanti

(dreams)

The Ashanti, also known as the Akans, are a people who live in the central region of Ghana. As with other African societies, for the Ashanti dreams hold the status of superior realities, and, it has been suggested, for some individual Ashantis dreams have as much if not more reality than waking experiences. R.S. Rattray, for example, has reported if a husband learns that another has dreamed of sexual intercourse with his wife, he will sue the dreamer for adultery because their souls are believed to have had sexual intercourse.

In an ethnopsychiatric study of the Ashanti, M.J. Field focuses on the distinction frequently made between “free” or spontaneous dreams and stereotypical dreams that is, those dreams individuals have repeatedly. Field describes how certain common elements of dream narratives indicate what they represent. For instance, in a dream the theme of being chased—whether by a deity, an animal, or even a weapon—indicates an individual who is afraid of retribution for a sin.

Ashanti

an administrative region of central Ghana: former native kingdom, suppressed by the British in 1900 after four wars. Capital: Kumasi. Pop.: 3 187 607 (2000). Area: 24 390 sq. km (9417 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
From the left are Ashante Manetti, External Communications Practitioner at Telecom Namibia, Desere Lundon-Muller, Chairperson of the Economist Businesswoman Club, Surihe Gaomas-Guchu, PR & Communications Manager at Standard Bank Namibia, Ngamane Karuaihe-Upi, conference speaker, Madame Sara Elago, Patron and Namibian Businesswoman of the Year 1999 and Natasja Beyleveld, Young Businesswoman of the Year 2013 and also a conference speaker.
The FIFA whistler from Benin enraged supporters of Ashante Kotoko with his display in their 2-2 Confederations Cup draw against Tunisian side Etoile du Sahel.
From the West African heartland of African textile production we are presented with examples of the strip weaves of the Ashante and Ewe; the lace weaves of the Yoruba and the Boogolanfini mud cloths from Mall.
Belief structures, composed of values and attitudes, are considered cultural knowledge (Quinn & Hollard, 1987; Ashante, 1988).
After Washington quarterback Marques Tuiasosopo mistakenly tried a pitch after a 26-yard gain in the fourth quarter and it was stolen by Purdue's Ashante Woodyard, Purdue lined up for a 42-yard field goal that would have brought them within a touchdown with 4:54 to play.
Lion cubs Simba and Ashante are roaring back to health after their unexpected arrival caught zoo keepers cold.
Top cats Simba and Ashante found Scotland too cold for comfort.
Instead, the Ducks opened with a disqualification in the 4x100 relay when Jasmine Todd and Ashante Horsley had a difficult exchange on the second handoff.
Caption: Welcoming Ngamane Karuaihe-Upi (secondfrom left) at the recent Economist Businesswomen breakfast are Feitjie Veldskoen (left) who works for Namib-Re but is also on the board of Telecom Namibia, Ashante Manetti, external communications practitioner at Telecom, Mrs Ericah Shafudah, Namibian Businesswoman and Deser Lundon-Muller, marketing manager of the Economist and chairperson of the club.
He endorsed the candidature of Vice-President Mills, provoking a major split within the NDC, dividing the Fante, Ashante and Ewe in the party.
Elstrom, though, couldn't handle the ball and Purdue's Ashante Woodyard recovered the fumble.
Caption: External Communication Practitioner for Corporate Communication and Public Relations at Telecom Namibia, Ashante Manetti (seated left front) with Desere Lundon-Muller of the Economist, trainer Sabine Ruegg of Thalestris Training Consultancy and the Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Finance, Ericah Shafudah (Businesswoman of the Year 2013), at the conclusion of the first training session for the 27 mentors and mentees in the Katuka Mentorship Programme for 2014.