Asoka

(redirected from Ashoka)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Ashoka: Ashoka the Great

Asoka

(əsō`kə), d. c.232 B.C., Indian emperor (c.273–c.232 B.C.) of the MauryaMaurya
, ancient Indian dynasty, c.325–c.183 B.C., founded by Chandragupta (Chandragupta Maurya). He conquered the Magadha kingdom and established his capital at Pataliputra (now Patna). His son, Bindusara (d. c.
..... Click the link for more information.
 dynasty; grandson of ChandraguptaChandragupta
(Chandragupta Maurya) , fl. c.321 B.C.–c.298 B.C., Indian emperor, founder of the Maurya dynasty and grandfather of Asoka. He conquered the Magadha kingdom (in modern Bihar and Jharkhand) and eventually controlled all India N of the Vindhya Hills. In c.
..... Click the link for more information.
. One of the greatest rulers of ancient India, he brought nearly all India, together with Baluchistan and Afghanistan, under one sway for the first time in history. According to legends, after his bloody conquest (c.261 B.C.) of the state of Kalinga, Asoka was remorseful for the suffering he had inflicted; accepted BuddhismBuddhism
, religion and philosophy founded in India c.525 B.C. by Siddhartha Gautama, called the Buddha. There are over 300 million Buddhists worldwide. One of the great world religions, it is divided into two main schools: the Theravada or Hinayana in Sri Lanka and SE Asia, and
..... Click the link for more information.
 and abandoned wars of conquest. Knowledge of Asoka's rule is obtained chiefly from the many boulders and pillars inscribed with his pious exhortations; a notable example is at SarnathSarnath
, archaeological site, SE Uttar Pradesh, India, 4 mi (6.4 km) N of Varanasi (Benares). It is the site of the deer park (mrigadawa) where, according to tradition, Buddha first preached. Buddhist monuments include an inscribed pillar (3d cent. B.C.
..... Click the link for more information.
. In these inscriptions, he proclaimed his belief in ahimsa, or nonviolence and advocated tolerance of all faiths. He erected numerous Buddhist monasteries and stupas, regulated the slaughter of animals, and softened the harsh laws of his predecessors. He sent Buddhist missionaries throughout India and its adjacent lands and as far as Syria, Egypt, and Greece. His own son or brother headed the mission to Ceylon (Sri Lanka). It is said that under his auspices a great Buddhist convocation was held at his capital, Pataliputra; its purpose was probably to suppress heresy and to confirm the Buddhist canon. India prospered and art flourished under the reign of Asoka, who, beyond his many imperial accomplishments, is most celebrated for his elevation of Buddhism from a simple Indian sect to a world religion. After his death the Mauryan empire swiftly declined.

Bibliography

See studies by V. A. Smith (1909, repr. 1964), R. Thapar (1961), R. D. Mookerji (3d ed. 1962), B. G. Gokhale (1966), and J. Strong (1989).

References in periodicals archive ?
Ashoka at the QuayThe Quay, Springfield Quay Glasgow G5 8NO 0800 195 3195
Together, Staples and Ashoka are providing young entrepreneurs with a chance to show how their Ventures are creating a positive, lasting impact in communities all around the world," said Paul Capelli, vice president of community and public relations, Staples.
In fact, through the initiative s training and placement partners, Accenture and Ashoka will equip approximately 5,800 individuals with professional and technical skills to get a job as well as provide them with leadership, teamwork and negotiation training.
So well-known is this landmark Indian restaurant - the original Ashoka - it is nearly as famous as the nearby tourist attractions.
Contractor address : senior officers bungalow at Tilak Marg and Rouse Avenue, Bhagwan Dass Road, Ashoka Road, Honble Ministers Residence and Banglow No.
The winner and finalists represent exactly the kind of transformative entrepreneurship that we support at Ashoka.
As part of the large Harlequin Restaurants group, the Ashoka at the Mill boasts a medieval farmhouse setting with a grand five-course buffet taking centre stage.
Since he bought the Ashoka Brasserie in Kirkintilloch - which was originally named Ashoka Regent Brasserie - Meeki had been living his dream.
The $20,000 grand-prize winner, STEM for All, was the strongest overall entry in the competition as determined by Ashoka Changemakers and a panel of expert judges.
The online competition is part of a three-year global initiative led by Ashoka Changemakers and Boehringer Ingelheim to identify and support innovations from around the world that transform the field of health to sustainably increase individual, family, and community well-being.
Yeddyurappa has found a new troubleshooter in Home & Transport Minister R Ashoka.
With 15 Harlequin restaurants, including the new Ashoka Shak chain, Harlequin are now the largest and most popular Indian restaurant group in the UK.