Ashur


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Ashur: Ashurbanipal, Assyria, Baal, Ishtar, Nineveh

Ashur

(ăsh`ər), in the Bible, founder of Tekoa.

Ashur

(ăsh`o͞or), chief god of Assyria. Important as a god of war, he became the omniscient king of the pantheon, replacing the Babylonian Marduk. His name appears variously as Asur, Assur, Ashshur, Asshur, and Ashir.

Ashur

 

or Assur, a city in Assyria (today the ruins of Qalat Sharqat in Iraq).

The oldest archaeological layer dates back to the fourth millennium B.C. During the late third and the early second millennia B. C. it was a city-state administered by a governor (ishshakkum or shaknu) jointly with a council of elders. It was an advance post of Sumero-Akkadian culture and a major center for transit trade. Ashur became the capital of Assyria in the middle of the second millennium B.C. It ceased to be the residence of the king in the ninth century B.C., but it continued to be the capital. It was destroyed in 614 B.C. by the Medes. In the last centuries up to the Christian era it was a Parthian city. The ruins of Assur were discovered in 1821 and first investigated by the English scholar A. Layard from 1845 to 1847. Between 1903 and 1914 the German scholars R. Koldewey and W. Andrae discovered two lines of fortifications (the most ancient probably date back to the turn of the second millennium B.C.) with monumental gates and bastions. A library with cuneiform texts (including Hittite) was found that was older than Ashurbanipal’s. Pre-Parthian Assur consisted of the Inner City and the New City. (In the Inner City remains of palaces; temples of Nebo, Ishtar, Sin and Shamash, and Anu and Adad; ziggurats; and other structures have been preserved.) Monuments of Parthian times (many built on the ruins of the Assyrian structures) include ruins of a palace and a citadel, the “Parthian Acropolis”with temples, the so-called peripteros of Assur, and others.

REFERENCES

Andrae, W. Das wiedererstandene Assur. Leipzig, 1938.
Parrot, A. Assur. Paris [1961].

Assur

, Asur, Asshur, Ashur
1. the supreme national god of the ancient Assyrians, chiefly a war god, whose symbol was an archer within a winged disc
2. one of the chief cities of ancient Assyria, on the River Tigris about 100 km (60 miles) downstream from the present-day city of Mosul
References in periodicals archive ?
In his first interview after arriving to Bulgaria, Ashur states that talks on renegotiation of Libyan debt, which Borisov vowed to demand earlier, can begin ASAP.
Baghdad (NINA) -- Advisor of the Iraqiya Slate, Hani Ashur, stressed that the IS unanimously agree on Tariq Al Hashimi as Vice-President.
In a press statement, Ashur added "the coming stage requires more efforts to upgrade the services and economy performance, which was one of the main electoral program points.
In a statement on Sunday, Ashur said "the hard status quo that Iraq undergoes requires that everyone live up to their responsibilities within the national partnership basis, therefore, the Erbil Agreement must be reviewed and offered to the people on a special session.
He underlined the need of setting a well conceived security environment of hawk eyes to keep vigil on terrorist elements during Muharram and Ashur days and thus to foil any sabotage bids in nook and corner of the province especially in the big cities.
QUETTA -- Special arrangements have been made by the traffic police for traffic in connection with the procession to be taken out on Youme Ashur in the provincial metropolis.
Police have arrested the alleged smuggler Ashur s/o Qazi Gul resident of Bara and registered a case.
Ashur was observed in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) amidst tightened security arrangements.
On this Yum Ashur while paying homage to Hazrat Imam Hussain and the martyrs of Karbala we should also vow to resist the tyranny and oppression of zealots and extremists, the President added.
Muhammad Aslam Tareen ordered Lahore Police that, during Ashur, foolproof arrangements for checking and screening at all entry and exit points of the city be ensured.
The country's Minister for Foreign and International Cooperation, Ashur Bin Khayyal, signed on behalf of the government.
Late Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi's most powerful son, Saif al-Islam, will receive a fair trial in his home country, Libya's interim Ambassador to Bulgaria, Issa Omar Ashur, has declared.