Asinus


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Asinus

 

(asses), a subgenus of perissodactylous mammals of the genus Equus. Asses differ from true horses in that they have a large head with long ears, narrow hooves, and a thin tail ending in a tuft of long hairs. Wild asses are distributed in Africa and in Southwest, Middle, and Central Asia. They live in small herds in deserts and steppes. Asses feed on grass.

The African wild ass (Equus, or Asinus, africanus) is 100–120 cm high at the withers. It is sandy-gray and has a dark stripe along the backbone and a similar intersecting stripe at the scapulae. The African wild ass is distributed in Somalia, Ethiopia, and Eritrea. It is a protected species whose numbers are small. The African wild ass is the ancestor of the domesticated ass, or donkey.

Domesticated asses form two groups of breeds. The first includes small indigenous asses of Africa and Asia (including Kazakhstan, Middle Asia, the Caucasus). Also in this group are large African and Asian asses, such as the Shantung asses of China. The second group of asses are stud breeds used principally to obtain mules. The most valuable stud breeds are the Poitou asses of France, the Catalonian asses of Spain, and American varieties. Indigenous breeds of asses are valued for their strength and endurance; they do not require special feed or maintenance. Asses are used as pack and harness animals. They are surefooted and are capable of travel in mountainous regions.

An ass can carry an average load of 70–80 kg; the animal’s carrying capacity in harness is up to 2.5 tons. Indigenous asses are used for work from the age of two years. They are fed straw mixed with alfalfa or barley. Asses of stud breeds are fed complete rations of hay and concentrated and succulent feeds.

In 1971, the world population of asses was 41.9 million, including 689,000 in Europe, 8.5 million in Asia, 6.8 million in Africa, and 6.7 million in America. In 1972 there were 568,600 asses in the USSR.

REFERENCES

Sokolov, I. I. Kopytnye zveri (Otriady Perissodactyla i Artiodactyla). Moscow-Leningrad, 1959. (Fauna SSSR: Mlekopitaiushchie, vol. 1, issue 3.)
Zhivotnyi mir, vol. 6. Moscow, 1971.
Lakoza, I. I., and V. A. Shchekin. Verbliudovodstvo i osnovy oslovodstva i muloproizvodstva. Moscow, 1964.

I. I. SOKOLOV and G. G. KHITENKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
El muestreo de los equinos, clasificados por especies, fue el siguiente: Equs caballus domesticus (caballares) 63,6% (504 ejemplares), Equs asinus (asnales) 3,5% (28 asnos) y cruzamientos entre ambas especies (mulares) 36,9% (260 ejemplares); de los 792 equinos muestreados 49,2% (390) fueron machos y el 50,8% (402) fueron hembras.
asinus seems to have escaped the notice of regional faunal surveys in Texas over the past century (Bailey 1905; Blair 1940; Borell & Bryant 1942; Davis 1944; Taylor & Davis 1947; Davis 1978; Davis & Schmidly 1994; Stangl et al.
Equus asinus are frequently seen on roadsides begging for food (Lei, personal observation 2001).
Mateo (no es el unico) pone al pesebre mas tarde: tertia autem die nativitatis Domini egressa est Maria de spelunca, et ingressa est stabulum et posuit puerum in praesepio, et bos et asinus adoraverunt eum (XIV 1).
El Estado como educador es un pesimo educador, es un asinus in
Gamard's rustic salon because asinus asinum fricat [proverbial: one ass scratches another]; etc.
omnis hominis est asinus Petrus est homo ergo Petri est asinus
Originally described as a member of the genus Asinus, Equus lambei is now assigned to the caballine group on the basis of physical traits described by Harington (1989) and Forsten (1988) and multivariate analyses carried out by Eisenmann (1980, 1986; Burke and Cinq-Mars, 1996).
For example, the stanza Wir blieben deutsch, wir sprechen deutsch,/Wie wir es gesprochen haben:/Der Esel hei[Beta]t Esel, nicht asinus,/Die Schwaben bileben Schwaben is rendered as follows: 'Germans we stayed, and Germans we are,/and German's the language we gas in -/a German says 'ass', not 'asinus'/(he has ways to be an ass in)'.
18: Apuleius in libris, quos Asini Aurei titulo inscripsit, sibi ipsi accidisse, ut accepto veneno humano animo permanente asinus fieret, aut indicavit aut finxit.
Es bien conocido el lema del Policratus de Juan de Salisbury, rex illiteratus quasi asinus coronatus, el cual denunciaba los peligros de dejar un reino en manos de un rey ignorante (1).