Asmara


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Asmara

(äsmä`rä, äz–), city (1996 est. pop. 400,000), capital of Eritrea, at an altitude of c.7,300 ft (2,225 m). The name also appears as Asmera. A commercial and industrial center, it is connected by rail and highway with the Red Sea port of MassawaMassawa
, city (1984 pop. 15,441), Eritrea, a port on the Red Sea. Before Eritrean independence (1993) it was the main port for N Ethiopia and is linked by rail with Asmara.
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. Textiles and clothing, processed meat, beer, shoes, and ceramics are the major industrial products. Asmara was a small village until the 1880s, when it became an Ethiopian regional administrative center. Occupied by the Italians in 1889, it became (1900) the capital of the Italian colony of Eritrea. In the 1930s, Asmara was rapidly developed as a base for the Italian invasion (1935–36) of Ethiopia; many Art Deco and other modern buildings survive from this period. In 1941 the city was taken by British forces. In 1950 the Eritreans, seeking independence from Ethiopia, reached an agreement with the government. But as Eritrean self-governance was withdrawn, the Eritrean Liberation Front was founded and an armed revolt ensued. Asmara's airport became key in the conflict as it was used by the Eritreans to obtain arms and supplies from outside supporters. It became a part of Eritrea with that country's independence (1993).

Asmara

the capital of Eritrea; cathedral (1922); Grand Mosque (1937); university (1958). Pop.: 615 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
In the past, Asmara has repeatedly dismissed such attack claims by rebels operating in neighbouring Ethiopia.
In September 2011, press reported that a vehicle in Senafe, 60 miles south of Asmara, ran over a landmine; five people were killed and another 34 injured in the incident.
The Cheese Shop has impressed so much that they have also started to receive orders from the Intercontinental hotel in Asmara.
This was the way, in their view, to prevent an NDA-supported government from reneging on the pledges made at Asmara and to form a secure base for southern independence, should that be necessary.
As the main Eritrean gateway, Asmara constitutes the biggest concentration of CAD activities, capital investment and personnel resources.
This 30% interest in the Asmara Project to be purchased by ENAMCO is in addition to ENAMCO's existing right to receive a 10% non-assessable interest that will be carried to production by the participating partners.
The EIJM currently poses no serious military threat to Asmara, which possesses one of the best-trained and battle-hardened military establishments in sub-Saharan Africa.
The Asmara Project comprises four mineral deposits; three copper, zinc, gold and silver volcanogenic-massive-sulphide ("VMS") deposits as well as a near-surface gold deposit.
Asmara is the 18th destination flydubai announced this year and the airline has recently launched operations to Burundi, Rwanda, Somaliland, Tanzania and Uganda.
Sudan, which in past proposed to reconcile Addis Ababa and Asmara and forge strong economic relations, holds regular meetings with officials from the two horn of Africa foes aiming to enhance bilateral cooperation on various fields.
The author comments positively on the Umma manifesto of February 1994 saying "That rearticulation helped to achieve the Asmara accords and the renewed sense of common purpose within the NDA" (page 217).
ASMARA: Two days after heavy fighting between Ethiopia and Eritrea resumed in their two-year border war, Ethiopia claimed its first victory and said it had bombed military targets near the Eritrean capital, Asmara.