Asmara

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Asmara

(äsmä`rä, äz–), city (1996 est. pop. 400,000), capital of Eritrea, at an altitude of c.7,300 ft (2,225 m). The name also appears as Asmera. A commercial and industrial center, it is connected by rail and highway with the Red Sea port of MassawaMassawa
, city (1984 pop. 15,441), Eritrea, a port on the Red Sea. Before Eritrean independence (1993) it was the main port for N Ethiopia and is linked by rail with Asmara.
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. Textiles and clothing, processed meat, beer, shoes, and ceramics are the major industrial products. Asmara was a small village until the 1880s, when it became an Ethiopian regional administrative center. Occupied by the Italians in 1889, it became (1900) the capital of the Italian colony of Eritrea. In the 1930s, Asmara was rapidly developed as a base for the Italian invasion (1935–36) of Ethiopia; many Art Deco and other modern buildings survive from this period. In 1941 the city was taken by British forces. In 1950 the Eritreans, seeking independence from Ethiopia, reached an agreement with the government. But as Eritrean self-governance was withdrawn, the Eritrean Liberation Front was founded and an armed revolt ensued. Asmara's airport became key in the conflict as it was used by the Eritreans to obtain arms and supplies from outside supporters. It became a part of Eritrea with that country's independence (1993).

Asmara

the capital of Eritrea; cathedral (1922); Grand Mosque (1937); university (1958). Pop.: 615 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
World Health Organization Eritrea Country Office, Asmara, Eritrea A Kosia, MD, PhD A Usman, MB BS, PhD Y Ghebrat, MD, MPH E Araya, MD G Andemichael, MD, MPH
edu (Schmidt also Department of Archaeology, University of Asmara, PO Box 1220, Asmara, Eritrea.
Through its code share agreement with Lufthansa, United serves Johannesburg and Cape Town, South Africa; Harare, Zimbabwe; Windoek, Namibia; Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; and Asmara, Eritrea.
was in Asmara, Eritrea from September 8th to September 16th in an effort to get a better understanding of the directive by the Government of Eritrea to halt all exploration work.
Rift is a Toronto-based mineral exploration and development company with exploration and administrative offices in Asmara, Eritrea and in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
The current order allows four direct IDR carriers from Asmara, Eritrea to the United States, United Kingdom, Italy and one for future growth.
EriTel, a full service provider of mobility and value added services, is based in Asmara, Eritrea, and targets the growing subscriber base of residential, business, government and NGO telecommunication users.
is a Toronto based mineral exploration and development company with exploration, administrative and/or representative offices in Asmara, Eritrea, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Kampala, Uganda.