national assembly

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national assembly,

name of a number of past and present constituent or legislative bodies. In France, under the constitutions of the Fourth and Fifth republics, the lower house of parliament has been called the national assembly. Usually, however, the name national assembly has been applied to provisional bodies. Often in times of crisis, when the old order dissolves through decay, war, or revolution, representatives of the people meet to work out a new order. Such was the case in the French Revolution, when members of the States-GeneralStates-General
or Estates-General,
diet or national assembly in which the chief estates (see estate) of a nation—usually clergy, nobles, and towns (or commons)—were represented as separate bodies.
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 proclaimed themselves (1789) a national assembly. The Federal Constitutional ConventionConstitutional Convention,
in U.S. history, the 1787 meeting in which the Constitution of the United States was drawn up. The Road to the Convention

The government adopted by the Thirteen Colonies in America (see Confederation, Articles of, and Continental
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 of 1787 and the Frankfurt ParliamentFrankfurt Parliament,
1848–49, national assembly convened at Frankfurt on May 18, 1848, as a result of the liberal revolution that swept the German states early in 1848. The parliament was called by a preliminary assembly of German liberals in Mar.
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 of 1848–49 were national assemblies. At the end of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71, after the downfall of Napoleon III, France again elected a national assembly, which drew up the basic constitutional laws for the Third Republic. Under the Third Republic the name national assembly applied to joint sessions of the senate and the chamber of deputies. National assemblies framed the republican Weimar constitution of Germany in 1919 and the Bonn constitution for West Germany in 1948–49. For a list of some of the chief legislative bodies of the world, see legislaturelegislature,
representative assembly empowered to enact statute law. Generally the representatives who compose a legislature are constitutionally elected by a broad spectrum of the population.
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National Assembly


(1) The constituent assembly in France in 1789, 1848, and 1871 and in Germany in 1848 and 1919. The term also occurs in the history of other countries.

(2) In France under the Third Republic (1870–1940), a joint assembly of the members of both houses of parliament, convened to elect the president of the republic.

(3) In a number of countries such as France, Jordan, Libya, Laos, and Tunisia, the name for the parliament or one of its houses. In the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, it is the name of the supreme representative organ of power.

References in periodicals archive ?
L'opposition pro-laique a la Grande Assemblee nationale turque a denonce cette audace, qui constitue a ses yeux ''une campagne politique'' du parti au pouvoir avant les elections municipales prevues en mars prochain en Turquie.
The president's term of office was seven years and that of the Assemblee nationale, five years.
The extension had been made in principle two years ago by the UK and French governments, but yesterday's ruling by the French Assemblee Nationale formalises the agreement.
Another useful site is the National Assembly of Quebec - Parliamentary Proceedings / Assemblee nationale - Travaux parlementaires www.
In the Assemblee Nationale, for instance, 94 per cent of the MPs (depute) are men (546 out of 577).
When his findings were published by the Assemblee Nationale,(**) the documentation was edited to protect the victims.
When meeting jointly, they work as the Assemblee Nationale.
Khartoum ,6 Mars (SUNA) - Le Comite du Travail, de la Gestion et de Griefs de Assemblee Nationale organisera le lundi prochain un atelier du travail sur la reforme de la fonction publique.
Le parti du president malien Ibrahim Boubacar Keita (IBK), le Rassemblement pour le Mali (RPM) et ses allies ont rafle 115 des 147 sieges de la nouvelle Assemblee nationale.
The Prime Minister had a key speech to make and a key vote to win in the Assemblee Nationale that night.
Earlier this year, a French delegation led by Jean- Yves Besselat, a Depute of the Assemblee Nationale (a member of the French Parliament) visited NCL's offices in Miami and met with Aron to arrange for the return of the ship to Le Havre.
SUNA) - Le President de 3e Assemblee Nationale, Dr Al-Fatih Izza-Eddin a discute jeudi, lors de sa reunion avec l'ambassadeur du Koweit au Soudan Telal Mansour Al-Hajri, les relations entre le Soudan et le Koweit et les moyens de les renforcer davantage.

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