national assembly

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national assembly,

name of a number of past and present constituent or legislative bodies. In France, under the constitutions of the Fourth and Fifth republics, the lower house of parliament has been called the national assembly. Usually, however, the name national assembly has been applied to provisional bodies. Often in times of crisis, when the old order dissolves through decay, war, or revolution, representatives of the people meet to work out a new order. Such was the case in the French Revolution, when members of the States-GeneralStates-General
or Estates-General,
diet or national assembly in which the chief estates (see estate) of a nation—usually clergy, nobles, and towns (or commons)—were represented as separate bodies.
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 proclaimed themselves (1789) a national assembly. The Federal Constitutional ConventionConstitutional Convention,
in U.S. history, the 1787 meeting in which the Constitution of the United States was drawn up. The Road to the Convention

The government adopted by the Thirteen Colonies in America (see Confederation, Articles of, and Continental
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 of 1787 and the Frankfurt ParliamentFrankfurt Parliament,
1848–49, national assembly convened at Frankfurt on May 18, 1848, as a result of the liberal revolution that swept the German states early in 1848. The parliament was called by a preliminary assembly of German liberals in Mar.
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 of 1848–49 were national assemblies. At the end of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71, after the downfall of Napoleon III, France again elected a national assembly, which drew up the basic constitutional laws for the Third Republic. Under the Third Republic the name national assembly applied to joint sessions of the senate and the chamber of deputies. National assemblies framed the republican Weimar constitution of Germany in 1919 and the Bonn constitution for West Germany in 1948–49. For a list of some of the chief legislative bodies of the world, see legislaturelegislature,
representative assembly empowered to enact statute law. Generally the representatives who compose a legislature are constitutionally elected by a broad spectrum of the population.
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.

National Assembly

 

(1) The constituent assembly in France in 1789, 1848, and 1871 and in Germany in 1848 and 1919. The term also occurs in the history of other countries.

(2) In France under the Third Republic (1870–1940), a joint assembly of the members of both houses of parliament, convened to elect the president of the republic.

(3) In a number of countries such as France, Jordan, Libya, Laos, and Tunisia, the name for the parliament or one of its houses. In the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, it is the name of the supreme representative organ of power.

References in periodicals archive ?
L'opposition pro-laique a la Grande Assemblee nationale turque a denonce cette audace, qui constitue a ses yeux ''une campagne politique'' du parti au pouvoir avant les elections municipales prevues en mars prochain en Turquie.
It's a sure bet that the only voice for social justice and ecological responsibility in the Assemblee nationale will be that of Quebec Solidaire.
The extension had been made in principle two years ago by the UK and French governments, but yesterday's ruling by the French Assemblee Nationale formalises the agreement.
When his findings were published by the Assemblee Nationale,(**) the documentation was edited to protect the victims.
Mohamed Brahmi, membre de l'ancienne Assemblee nationale constituante, avait ete abattu, le 25 juillet 2013, devant son domicile a la cite El-Ghazela, a l'Ariana.
Khartoum ,6 Mars (SUNA) - Le Comite du Travail, de la Gestion et de Griefs de Assemblee Nationale organisera le lundi prochain un atelier du travail sur la reforme de la fonction publique.
Le parti du president malien Ibrahim Boubacar Keita (IBK), le Rassemblement pour le Mali (RPM) et ses allies ont rafle 115 des 147 sieges de la nouvelle Assemblee nationale.
Les bureaux de vote ont ouvert hier samedi matin en Libye pour l'election de la premiere assemblee nationale de l'ere post-Kadhafi, dans une ambiance festive malgre des tensions dans l'Est.
The French Assemblee nationale elected, on 6 December, Yves Cochet and Jean Roatta to become France's two new MEPs in the context of the temporary increase of the plenary's size from 736 to 754.
Addressing the Assemblee Nationale, Mrs Voynet recalled that the circular of August 1997 and the decisions that followed in the Autumn, were designed to secure the suspension of infringement proceedings opened by the European Commission against France for non-respect of the Habitats Directive .
SUNA) - Le President de 3e Assemblee Nationale, Dr Al-Fatih Izza-Eddin a discute jeudi, lors de sa reunion avec l'ambassadeur du Koweit au Soudan Telal Mansour Al-Hajri, les relations entre le Soudan et le Koweit et les moyens de les renforcer davantage.
Presidence, gouvernement, Assemblee nationale, Senat, regions, grandes villes: la gauche se trouve desormais "en position plus qu'hegemonique, disposant d'absolument tous les pouvoirs" pour faire face a la crise economique et au chomage, releve hier lundi le quotidien de gauche Liberation.

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