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(əsĭn`əboin'), Native North Americans whose culture is that of the N Great Plains; their language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). At the time of the first contact with European settlers they had no permanent village sites; they moved about as their search for food required. They were a branch of the Yanktonai Dakota, who moved north and westward prior to the 17th cent. to the region of Lake Winnipeg; later they went to the upper Saskatchewan and the upper Missouri rivers. After the acquisition of horses and firearms in the 18th cent. they became a typical Plains tribe. They were allied with the Cree against the Blackfoot. A large tribe at the time of contact, they were decimated by smallpox in the early 19th cent. There were 5,500 Assiniboin in the United States in 1990, most living on the Fort Belknap and Fort Peck reservations in Montana. Around 1,500 Assiniboin live on reserves in Saskatchewan and Alberta, Canada.


See M. S. Kennedy, ed., The Assiniboines (new ed. 1961); D. Kennedy, Recollections of an Assiniboine Chief, ed. by J. R. Stevens (1972); E. T. Denig, Five Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri (1975).

References in periodicals archive ?
The authors trace the Assiniboines as they gradually moved south, until many of them becoming part of the Milk River Agency and taking a reservation in eastern Montana.
The movement of the Sioux is followed for the same period, their hunting grounds being south and east of the Assiniboines.
The Cypress Hills (Wazihe) are the place where the Assiniboines received the Crow Belt Dance from the Sioux, a ceremony recognizing the coming of spring.
A band of Assiniboines had carried off twenty-four horses from Edmonton; and, being pursued, they were overtaken at the small river Boutbiere.
51 for two pairs dating from the 1940s, and attributed to the Assiniboine of Fort Peck Reservation, Montana).
Understanding Abenaki, Assiniboine, Ojibwa, Blackfoot, or Metis history in the North (or Apache and Yaqui history in the South) requires historians to widen their focus, attempt to write histories that transcend national boundaries, and consider how Native peoples understood, used, and sometimes ignored those boundaries.
The Assiniboines were very much in need of protection on a Sunday morning in May 1873, when American wolf hunters in search of stolen horses rode into the Cypress Hills and camped near a trading post and fort run by a whiskey dealer, Abe Farwell.
Two tribal members, Fred Gone and Mark "Rex" Flying, from the Gros Ventre and Assiniboine communities respectively, began collecting historical narratives and traditional stories from tribal elders for the Montana Writers' Program.
In the early years of the twentieth century when the pipe bag under discussion was made, the Assiniboines at Fort Peck were of course in the habit of producing pipe bags with Sioux style panels of quill-wrapped rawhide slats, probably under influence from the Yanktonais with whom the they are jointly settled.
I was obliged, on account of the lateness of the season and the scarcity of other travellers at that time of the year, to travel alone, and on a Saturday evening, more than a week's journey westward, I crossed the bridge over the Assiniboine just below Fort Ellice, followed the zigzag road up the steep hill and entered the fort gates.
From Cocking's records we know these Indians were neither Assiniboines nor Crees (with whom he was traveling and who lived to the east), because they regarded these Indians as aliens.
There they claimed that it was Farwell who had led them to the Assiniboine camp and that, until fired upon, their intentions had been "entirely peaceful.