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(əsĭn`əboin'), Native North Americans whose culture is that of the N Great Plains; their language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). At the time of the first contact with European settlers they had no permanent village sites; they moved about as their search for food required. They were a branch of the Yanktonai Dakota, who moved north and westward prior to the 17th cent. to the region of Lake Winnipeg; later they went to the upper Saskatchewan and the upper Missouri rivers. After the acquisition of horses and firearms in the 18th cent. they became a typical Plains tribe. They were allied with the Cree against the Blackfoot. A large tribe at the time of contact, they were decimated by smallpox in the early 19th cent. There were 5,500 Assiniboin in the United States in 1990, most living on the Fort Belknap and Fort Peck reservations in Montana. Around 1,500 Assiniboin live on reserves in Saskatchewan and Alberta, Canada.


See M. S. Kennedy, ed., The Assiniboines (new ed. 1961); D. Kennedy, Recollections of an Assiniboine Chief, ed. by J. R. Stevens (1972); E. T. Denig, Five Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri (1975).

References in periodicals archive ?
The movement of the Sioux is followed for the same period, their hunting grounds being south and east of the Assiniboines.
The History of the Assiniboine Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation, 1600-2012 by David R.
Francois Lucier retained the position as folk hero and, as an English tourist commented in 1847, "Francois is as fine little veteran 'Coureur des Prairies,' as tough as steel, and 'game' to the backbone; the hero of several fights with the Assiniboines, several of whom he has killed, and he tells his story with a grin of how he ripped up the last fellow with his 'dag,' as if it were the best joke possible.
The Company horses were needed to carry provisions over the trail to Fort Assiniboine, on the Athabasca River, and to provide transportation for persons coming across the mountains on the Company's transcontinental route.
The other Indian, a Strong wood Assiniboine, in the act of firing, received a ball through the middle of his waist and lower part of his throat and Neck.
51 for two pairs dating from the 1940s, and attributed to the Assiniboine of Fort Peck Reservation, Montana).
The Assiniboines were very much in need of protection on a Sunday morning in May 1873, when American wolf hunters in search of stolen horses rode into the Cypress Hills and camped near a trading post and fort run by a whiskey dealer, Abe Farwell.
Taking up arms, they stalked towards the nearby Indian camp, although Farwell had assured them that Little Soldier's Assiniboines were not responsible for the theft.
In the early years of the twentieth century when the pipe bag under discussion was made, the Assiniboines at Fort Peck were of course in the habit of producing pipe bags with Sioux style panels of quill-wrapped rawhide slats, probably under influence from the Yanktonais with whom the they are jointly settled.
The precise tribal affiliation of the veteran's pipe bag is uncertain although, as this article will go on to discuss, it may be the work of an Assiniboine maker at Fort Peck in northeastern Montana.
The Blackfoot were faced by the Cree and Nakoda in the north, Cree and Assiniboine in the east, the Sioux and Crow to the south, and the mountains tribes of Kootenay, Nez Perce, Pend d'Oreille, and Flathead to the west.
Similarly, if the Peigans were hunting near the Cypress Hills and became aware of a Cree or Assiniboine camp nearby, they may try to conclude a treaty so that each could hunt in peace.