Sea stars were identified based on recent revisionary work on the Asterinidae by O'Loughlin and Waters (2004) and O'Loughlin and Bribiesca-Contreras (2015), and by comparison with specimens from the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) in Washington, D.
A molecular and morphological revision of genera of Asterinidae (Echinodermata: Asteroidea).
To test bootstrap support for one deep node within the Asterinidae, we analysed the more conservative tRNA sequences alone.
1984) because the true sister group to the Asterinidae is not known.
Life history diversity and evolution in the Asterinidae
The family Asterinidae
, for example, displays a great variety of reproductive strategies, with up to five different initial modes of development (Byrne, 2006).
Recently, however, molecular phylogenetic studies conducted on the family Asterinidae
(Hart et al.
In light of this discovery and the propensity for the presence of cryptic morphospecies in the Asterinidae
(references above), we reconsidered mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence data from a recent study (Waters and Roy, 2004) of genetic variation among African, Australian, and island populations of P.
Within the Echinodermata, the Asterinidae
, a major family of sea stars, is particularly noted for its diverse life histories (Byrne and Cerra, 1996; Hart et al.
In the Asteroidea, the Asterinidae
is a species-rich family comprising species that share derived forms of reproduction, larval morphology, and brood protection (Byrne and Cerra, 1996; Byrne et al.
Patiriella belongs to the Asterinidae
and SCB have also been reported from other species in this family (Cameron and Holland, 1983; Souza Santos and Sasso, 1970; Kelly and McKenzie, in press).
exigua are also characteristic of several other species in the family Asterinidae