asylum

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Related to Asylums: Lunatic asylum

asylum

(əsī`ləm), extension of hospitality and protection to a fugitive and the place where such protection is offered. The use of temples and churches for this purpose in ancient and medieval times was known as sanctuarysanctuary,
sacred place, especially the most sacred part of a sacred place. In ancient times and in the Middle Ages, a sanctuary served as asylum, a place of refuge for persons fleeing from violence or from the penalties of the law.
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. In modern international law, the granting of asylum to refugees from other lands is the right of a state by virtue of its territorial sovereignty. A fugitive, however, has no right to demand asylum from the state to which he flees; that state makes its own determination in each case. Between most nations there are treaties of extraditionextradition
, delivery of a person, suspected or convicted of a crime, by the state where he has taken refuge to the state that asserts jurisdiction over him. Its purpose is to prevent criminals who flee a country from escaping punishment.
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 providing for the mutual surrender of fugitives from justice, and there is a tendency to confine the granting of asylum to political refugees and victims of apparent discrimination and intolerance. Asylum has sometimes been granted more broadly; some Third World women have successfully sought asylum for themselves or their daughters in the United States or other Western nations to avoid forced genital mutilation, a traditional practice in a number of societies (see circumcisioncircumcision
, operation to remove the foreskin covering the glans of the penis. It dates back to prehistoric times and was widespread throughout the Middle East as a religious rite before it was introduced among the Hebrews.
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). A situation causing many international disputes is the use of embassies and legations, by virtue of their status of extraterritorialityextraterritoriality
or exterritoriality,
privilege of immunity from local law enforcement enjoyed by certain aliens. Although physically present upon the territory of a foreign nation, those aliens possessing extraterritoriality are considered by customary
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, as places of refuge in times of disorder and conflict. Most countries do not offer this type of asylum except when it seems necessary for the preservation of human life.

asylum

A building or group of buildings that serves as a refuge for the mentally ill.

asylum

1. International law refuge afforded to a person whose extradition is sought by a foreign government
2. Obsolescent an institution for the shelter, treatment, or confinement of individuals, esp a mental hospital (formerly termed lunatic asylum)
References in classic literature ?
We're getting a little boy from an orphan asylum in Nova Scotia and he's coming on the train tonight.
with solid pavement under your feet, surrounded by kind neigh- bors ready to cheer you or to fall on you, stepping delicately between the butcher and the policeman, in the holy terror of scandal and gallows and lunatic asylums --how can you imagine what particular region of the first ages a man's untrammeled feet may take him into by the way of solitude--utter solitude without a police- man--by the way of silence, utter silence, where no warning voice of a kind neighbor can be heard whisper- ing of public opinion?
They end in two ways: Either they sink till the lunatic asylums and the workhouses are full of them, and cause Mr.
She has taken the three children to an old lady of high rank, the patroness of some orphan asylums, whom I used to know years ago.
When my father died at the asylum over at Day- ton, I went over there.
Crazy Mary,' tried to set a neighbour's barn on fire, and was sent to the asylum at Lincoln.
But we never came to an asylum -- so I was up a stump, as you may say.
But it will be owing only to your labors, and the fearless efforts of those who, trampling the laws and Constitution of the country under their feet, are determined that they will "hide the out- cast," and that their hearths shall be, spite of the law, an asylum for the oppressed, if, some time or other, the humblest may stand in our streets, and bear witness in safety against the cruelties of which he has been the victim.
Loscombe's correspondent -- the nephew of the gentleman who owns this house, and whose charity has given me an asylum, during the heavy affliction of my sickness, under his own roof.
He is only nine-and twenty, and he has an immense lunatic asylum all under his own care.
exclaimed Agnes; "those poor nurses yonder in the foundling asylum, which forms the lower end of the lane as you go to the river, just beside Monseigneur the bishop
And he was led away to the Asylum for the Indiscreet.