Athol Fugard


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Fugard, Athol

(Athol Harold Lanigan Fugard) (ätōl` fyo͞o`gard, fo͞o–), 1932–, South African playwright, actor, and director. In 1965 he became director of the Serpent Players in Port Elizabeth; in 1972 he was a founder of Cape Town's Space Experimental Theatre. One of the first white playwrights to collaborate with black actors and workers, Fugard writes of the frustrations of life in contemporary South Africa and of overcoming the psychological barriers created by apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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. Some of his works, such as Blood Knot (1960), the first in his family trilogy, were initially banned in South Africa. Widely acclaimed, his plays include Boesman and Lena (1969), Sizwe Bansi Is Dead (1972), A Lesson from Aloes (1978), the semiautobiographical work Master Harold … and the Boys (1982), The Road to Mecca (1985), and Playland (1993). In his first two postapartheid plays, Valley Song (1995) and The Captain's Tiger (1998), Fugard addresses rather personal concerns, but in Sorrows and Rejoicings (2001) he focuses on the complex racial dynamics of South Africa's new era. In Victory (2007), Fugard uses his experience as a burglary victim to dramatize a bleak contemporary South Africa, where theft and violence thrive. Fugard has also written one novel, Tsotsi (1980).

Bibliography

See also his Notebooks 1960–1977 (1983) and Cousins: A Memoir (1998).

References in periodicals archive ?
40) As Marianne McDonald points out in "The Return of the Myth: Athol Fugard and the Classics," Akroterion 51 (2006): 1-19 (14), he is never referred to by the name Athol Fugard, but it is clear that he is the playwright.
What's happened here now is that Athol Fugard has left for America and with the death of Barney Simon, Mannie Manim, who was chief executive and general director at the Market Theatre - Barney Simon was artistic director - has taken over the theatre here.
Kruger's account of the East German response to Athol Fugard is also fascinating.
In addition to the breadth of literary reference, Wertheim has also clearly steeped himself in South African history and politics so that The Dramatic Art of Athol Fugard achieves both a breadth of literary reference and a concrete specificity that are rare indeed.
Lucia, but associated mainly with Trinidad/Tobago), Jack Davis (Australia), Wole Soyinka (Nigeria), Athol Fugard (South Africa), Badal Sircar (India), and Girish Karnad (India).
JOHN KANI and Athol Fugard are countrymen, contemporaries and the co-authors of the 1975 play ``Sizwe Banzi Is Dead.
ATHOL FUGARD really is the most cunning of miniaturists.
The brilliant dramatist Athol Fugard, Gien's countryman, tells stories of a divided South Africa through a minimum of characters.
Declining energies and time, and a lot of work to be done writing, which is the essential Athol Fugard,'' he explains.
From Africa, for example, there are the plays of Athol Fugard and of Wole Soyinka and Ben Okri from Nigeria, of Dambudzo Marechera from Zimbabwe and Ngugi wa Thiong'o from Kenya.
Faisal tells me about his favorite play: The Island (written by Athol Fugard, John Kani, and Winston Ntshona).
He joins South African playwright Athol Fugard, whose work helped bring the world's attention to the outrage of apartheid, and Estonian composer Arvo Part.