Athol Fugard


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Fugard, Athol

(Athol Harold Lanigan Fugard) (ätōl` fyo͞o`gard, fo͞o–), 1932–, South African playwright, actor, and director. In 1965 he became director of the Serpent Players in Port Elizabeth; in 1972 he was a founder of Cape Town's Space Experimental Theatre. One of the first white playwrights to collaborate with black actors and workers, Fugard writes of the frustrations of life in contemporary South Africa and of overcoming the psychological barriers created by apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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. Some of his works, such as Blood Knot (1960), the first in his family trilogy, were initially banned in South Africa. Widely acclaimed, his plays include Boesman and Lena (1969), Sizwe Bansi Is Dead (1972), A Lesson from Aloes (1978), the semiautobiographical work Master Harold … and the Boys (1982), The Road to Mecca (1985), and Playland (1993). In his first two postapartheid plays, Valley Song (1995) and The Captain's Tiger (1998), Fugard addresses rather personal concerns, but in Sorrows and Rejoicings (2001) he focuses on the complex racial dynamics of South Africa's new era. In Victory (2007), Fugard uses his experience as a burglary victim to dramatize a bleak contemporary South Africa, where theft and violence thrive. Fugard has also written one novel, Tsotsi (1980).

Bibliography

See also his Notebooks 1960–1977 (1983) and Cousins: A Memoir (1998).

References in periodicals archive ?
South African playwright Athol Fugard asserted in the `80s that "the central transaction of the universe is one person caring for and loving another.
John Kani and Winston Ntshona, who wrote the theatrical timebomb with Athol Fugard, again play the two cellmates battling to survive both the brutality and the boredom.
A esta epoca, y a las circunstancias concretas del apartheid, respondia la obra del dramaturgo y director sudafricano Athol Fugard, quien hoy dia recorre la legua con un espectaculo autobiografico sobre aquellos tiempos que --esperemos-- no volveran pero permaneceran en la memoria como una de las grandes verguenzas de la humanidad.
Included are Herman Charles Bosman, Wessel Ebersohn, June Drummond, Christopher Sherlock, Bryce Courtenay, Shawn and Gillian Slovo, Laurens van der Post, Dan Jacobson, Phyllis Altman, Mary Benson, and Athol Fugard.
For more than 20 years, Uys has been the Athol Fugard of drag.
Jack Barbera, the co-author of Stevie: A Biography of Stevie Smith (Oxford), edited the special Athol Fugard issue (Winter 1993) of Twentieth Century Literature.
More recent examples of problem plays are those of the Irish playwright Sean O'Casey, the South African Athol Fugard, the Americans Arthur Miller and August Wilson, and the English dramatists David Hare and Caryl Churchill.
Among those who sought to prick the international consciousness by showing the world the horrors of apartheid was White South African playwright Athol Fugard (Boesman and Lena and Master Harold .
Athol Fugard may think of himself as having been something of a bully during the early years of his marriage, but the author of Sheila Fugard's memoir seems someone who was able to hold her own.
To take up Athol Fugard is not going to mean anything to them.
Dean of the Yale School of Drama and artistic director of the Yale Repertory Theatre (1979-1991), Richards' staged works by South African playwright Athol Fugard and Nobel laureates Wole Soyinka and Derek Walcott, and he brought to the Repertory stage theater professionals like James Earl Jones, Jason Robards, Glenn Close, and Colleen Dewhurst.
According to the blurb from Time on the cover of The Shadow of the Hummingbird, Athol Fugard is "the greatest living playwright in the English-speaking world.