Atlantic Charter


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Atlantic Charter

(ətlătĭk, ăt–), joint program of peace aims, enunciated by Prime Minister Winston Churchill of Great Britain and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt of the United States on Aug. 14, 1941. Britain at that time was engaged in World War II, and the United States was to enter the war four months later. The statement, which was not an official document, was drawn up at sea, off the coast of Newfoundland. It supported the following principles and aims: renunciation of territorial aggrandizement; opposition to territorial changes made against the wishes of the people concerned; restoration of sovereign rights and self-government to those forcibly deprived of them; access to raw materials for all nations of the world and easing of trade restrictions; world cooperation to secure improved economic and social conditions for all; freedom from fear and want; freedom of the seas; and abandonment of the use of force, as well as disarmament of aggressor nations. In the United Nations declaration of Jan. 1, 1942, the signatory powers pledged adherence to the principles of the charter.

Atlantic Charter

 

declaration of the heads of government of the USA and Great Britain—F. D. Roosevelt and W. Churchill. The charter was signed during World War II on Aug. 14, 1941, after negotiations that took place on board warships in the Atlantic Ocean, near Newfoundland.

The Atlantic Charter, which consisted of eight points, discussed in a general form the war aims and the postwar arrangement of the world. The declaration stated that the USA and Britain “seek no aggrandizement, territorial or other,” that “they desire to see no territorial changes that do not accord with the freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned,” and that “they respect the right of all peoples to choose the form of government under which they will live.” On Sept. 14, 1941, the Soviet Union declared its adherence to the Atlantic Charter, while pointing out that the implementation of the principles of the Atlantic Charter should conform to the circumstances, needs, and special historical features of each country. The statement of the USSR emphasized that the main task was to concentrate all the economic and military resources of the freedom-loving peoples to achieve the full and speediest liberation of the peoples suffering under the oppression of the Hitlerite hordes. On Jan. 1, 1942, representatives of the governments that had announced their support for the principles of the Atlantic Charter signed the Declaration of the Twenty-six States (Declaration of the United Nations) in Washington, D.C. Even during World War II, and especially after it ended, the USA and Britain began violating the principles of the Atlantic Charter.

PUBLICATION

Vneshniaia politika SSSR v period Olechestvennoi voiny, vol. 1. Moscow, 1944. Pages 147–48.
References in periodicals archive ?
At the time of the events that led to the Atlantic Charter, the Governor of Newfoundland was Vice-Admiral Sir Humphrey Walwyn.
In 1941 Allies of World War II signed the Atlantic Charter and accepted the principle of self-determination.
Specifically, this New Law of Nations emerged out of the Atlantic Charter, the Declaration of [the] United Nations on January 1, 1942, the Moscow Declaration and other promissory statements made by Allied governments especially during the darkest times of the war.
As I said in our conversation, the Atlantic Charter plays a central role in the protection of our common interests and global security," Obama writes, expressing hopes for continuing the cooperation between Bulgaria and USA both bilaterally and within NATO.
The rousing of martial spirit was underpinned by the ideals Roosevelt had espoused first in his Four Freedoms speech of January 1941 and then in the eight point Atlantic Charter of war aims issued with Churchill that August.
The author asserts that at a dinner for US intelligence officers in September 1945, "Ho said that he could not understand why the principle of self-determination set forth in the Atlantic Charter and other Allied declarations should not apply to Vietnam and why the United States remained passive while the French and British re-erected the old colonial system.
Brown owned the Jonjo O'Neill-trained hurdler Atlantic Charter and is believed to have shares in at least one horse with Jim Goldie.
Brown owned the Jonjo O'Neill-trained hurdler Atlantic Charter and has a horse in training with Scots trainer Jim Goldie.
The volume also includes, in addition to an overall chronology, a collection of primary source documents, including excerpts of George Washington's Farewell Address, John O'Sullvian's articulation of Manifest Destiny, Abraham Lincoln's First Inaugural Address, Woodrow Wilson's 1917 war message to the Congress, the 1941 Atlantic Charter, Lyndon Johnson's announcement of the Gulf of Tonkin incident, and George W.
Both Wilson's Fourteen Points and Roosevelt's Atlantic Charter on self- determination have been contravened by the United States in support of world-wide Zionism.
The Atlantic Charter (unsigned) by Roosevelt and Churchill at their meeting in 1941 has come to be viewed as a "creation moment" for the human rights movement as a global phenomenon.
The 'war on terror' is misconceived and bound to fail, says lawyer Philippe Sands in LAWLESS WORLD: AMERICA AND THE MAKING AND BREAKING OF GLOBAL RULES FROM FDR'S ATLANTIC CHARTER TO GEORGE BUSH'S ILLEGAL WAR.

Full browser ?