Atlantic Coastal Plain


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Atlantic Coastal Plain

 

a lowland in North America that stretches along the Atlantic coast of the United States from New York to the tip of the Florida Peninsula. The Atlantic Coastal Plain, which ranges in width from 30 to 350 km, is composed of a complex of Anthropogenic marine sediments up to 1,000 m thick (limestones, sandstones, sands, and clays). The plain has elevations to 100 m. In the north the coast is dissected by large embayments—the Delaware and Chesapeake bays. The Southern coasts are dotted with lagoons and marshes, and there are coral reefs at the southern tip of Florida. Marine terraces are cut by the broad, swampy floodplains of rivers. The warm Gulf Stream flows along most of the coast. The Atlantic Coastal Plain has a subtropical, monsoonal climate except for southern Florida, which has a tropical climate with dry winters. The winter is warm and rainy, with the mean January temperature ranging from 0° to 20° C. Frosts occur almost everywhere. The summer is hot and humid, with the mean July temperature ranging from 22° to 28° C. Annual precipitation reaches 1,000 to 1,400 mm.

There are predominantly red podzolic, yellow podzolic, alluvial, soddy, and marsh soils. The natural vegetation is pine and mixed pine-oak forests; yew and swamp cypress forests are encountered in marshy regions. Forests of palms, Ficus, bayberry, and other tropical trees are found in southern Florida. Mangrove thickets occur along the shores. In places where the forests have been cleared, there are cotton and tobacco fields; apple, peach, and citrus fruit orchards; and plantings of early vegetables. The major cities along the plain are New York, Philadelphia, Washington, Baltimore, and Norfolk.

G. M. IGNAT’EV

References in periodicals archive ?
18]; [2X: Atlantic coastal plain, Appalachian Mts and irregularly northward, south to c GA, ne AL]) Isoetes engelmannii (s.
Dorale also noted that although their findings disagree with some sea level estimates, such as those from Barbados and New Guinea that come from ancient coral reefs, they are in agreement with data gathered from other sites such as the Bahamas, the US Atlantic coastal plain, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands and California.
The sand dollar echinoid Periarchus lyelli (Conrad) is a distinctive and well-known element of the fauna of Upper Eocene (Jackson) marls and limestones across the eastern Gulf of Mexico and lower Atlantic coastal plain.
Atlantic coastal plain wildflowers; a field guide to the wildflowers of the coastal regions of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and northeastern Florida.
of Akron) presents alternating chapters that examine cultural-historical themes and regions--the Hispanic Caribbean, the Mesa Central of Mexico, the Andes, the Central Valley of Chile, the Central American Highlands, Brazil's Atlantic Coastal Plain, the Southern Brazilian Highlands, the Pampa, and the Amazon Basin.
2005) was able to obtain calibrations for SilviScan measured air-dry density (Evans 1994, 1997), microfibril angle, and MOE (determined using x-ray densitometry and x-ray diffraction data) using a large set of samples from sites representing the Lower Atlantic Coastal Plain, Upper Atlantic Coastal Plain, and Piedmont physiographic regions in Georgia.
Southern cypress, as cypress is commonly referred to, is an important Southern timber, found primarily in swampy conditions in the Atlantic Coastal Plain, from Delaware to Florida.
The species included in the Middendorf Formation contribute to knowledge of the ancient flora of the Atlantic Coastal Plain.
The exposed primary dune areas closest to the water represent the harshest environment on the Atlantic coastal plain.
Here we map known occurrences of Atlantic Coastal Plain mastodons from before, during, and after the LGM to explore the potential effects of the thermal enclave on mastodon biogeography.
Cypress, or baldcypress as it is commonly known in the United States, grows in a range along the Atlantic Coastal Plain from Delaware to Florida and west along the Gulf of Mexico's coast to the Mexican border in Texas and north up the Mississippi Valley through southern Indiana.

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