puffin

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puffin,

common name for a diving bird of the family Alcidae (aukauk
, common name for a member of the family Alcidae (alcid family), swimming and diving birds of the N Atlantic and Pacific, which includes the guillemots and puffins. Their legs are set far back on their bodies, making them clumsy on land, where they seldom venture except to
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 family). Its large, triangular bill, brilliantly colored in yellow, blue, and vermilion, is adapted to carrying several fish at one time; it also gives the puffin its alternate name of sea parrot. During the mating season horny excrescences may develop over the eyes. Puffins have dumpy bodies, short legs set far back, and small wings; although expert swimmers, they are clumsy on land and in flight. They nest in colonies in burrows or rock cavities on northern islands and migrate regularly—the Atlantic puffin, Fratercula arctica, as far south as Long Island and the Pacific puffin, Lunda cirrhata, to California. The female lays a single egg, which is incubated mainly by the female. The chick is fed fish by both parents, and is abruptly deserted after 6 weeks. The adolescent puffin stays alone for another week, and then leaves the burrow alone. Puffins are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Charadriiformes, family Alcidae.

puffin

any of various northern diving birds of the family Alcidae (auks, etc.), esp Fratercula arctica (common or Atlantic puffin), having a black-and-white plumage and a brightly coloured vertically flattened bill: order Charadriiformes
References in periodicals archive ?
If young Rhinoceros Auklets bred late (although not measured directly, there was evidence that egg size declined with laying date), and if the length of time that breeding pairs are able or "willing" to continue to provision their chicks increases with adult age (as suggested for Atlantic Puffins by Johnsen et al.
Desertion of chicks has also recently been demonstrated in an experimental study of the Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica (Johnsen et al.
The principal burrowing species breeding on the island are Leach's storm-petrels (Oceanodroma leucorhoa, more than 3 000 000 breeding pairs) and Atlantic puffins (Fratercula arctica, about 30 000 breeding pairs), which outnumber cliff-nesting species such as black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla), common and thick-billed murres (Uria aalge and U.
North America's share of the Atlantic puffin bounty is modest, some 338,000 pairs at 52 colonies, according to David Nettleship of the Canadian Wildlife Service's Seabird Research Unit.
Atlantic puffins nest all across the North Atlantic, from Maine up to Canada, Greenland and Iceland, and across the ocean on the shores of England and Scandinavia.
The island also supports northern gannets (Morus bassanus; 9837 bp; Chardine, 2000), Atlantic puffins (Fratercula arctica; 2000 bp; Cairns et al.
In their travels the Blues see snowy egrets, great blue herons, laughing gulls, roseate terns, Atlantic puffins, American oystercatchers, magnificent frigate birds, sandpipers, Brandt's cormorant, brown pelicans, winter wrens, thick-billed immures, and common loons.
Washington, January 10 (ANI): A new research has determined that a recent increase in winter mortality in Atlantic puffins could be due to worsening conditions within the North Sea.
Bald eagles build very simple nests of layered sticks, while the male masked weaver and the female Baltimore oriole create hanging cubicles; Atlantic puffins seek out little caverns such as abandoned rabbit holes, the wandering albatross builds a mound of mud and grass.
Newfoundland and Labrador has 95 percent of the continent's Atlantic puffins, 80 percent of North America's Atlantic murre population, over half of the world's populations of Leech's storm petrels and the most accessible northern gannet colony on the planet.
Vulnerable species include black-legged kittiwakes, common guillemots, and Atlantic puffins.

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