Atom chips


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Atom chips

A family of low-voltage x86 CPUs from Intel that is designed for portable devices. Along with the introduction of the Atom in 2008, Intel coined the term "netbook" for small, entry-level Atom-based notebooks.

Available in 32-bit and 64-bit versions, Atom CPUs use Intel's Bonnell microarchitecture, which delivers more performance per watt than Intel desktop CPUs. The chip footprint is also significantly smaller; for example, a single 12" wafer can yield 2,500 Atom chips, compared to 600 Core chips. In addition, Atom chips create a fraction of the heat. See x86.

Centrino Atom for Laptops
Centrino Atom is the Atom chip platform, which includes an Atom CPU and Intel graphics and radio chips. See Centrino and netbook.

Medfield Atom for Smartphones
In 2012, Intel introduced its Atom-based Medfield system-on-chip (SoC) for the smartphone market. Medfield was the first Intel SoC that requires only two additional ICs (radio chip and power management chip) to make the device work.

Clover Trail Atom for Tablets
Also in 2012, Intel debuted its Atom Clover Trail SoCs, designed for longer battery life for Windows 8 and Android tablets. See SoC and mobile platform.
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Netbook shipments have been hurt by growth in tablets, but Intel is keeping the Atom chip for low-cost PCs alive in an effort to offer low-cost computing options, according to representatives.
His group currently explores the applications of atom chips in quantum information and precision metrology.
New netbooks based on dual-core Intel Atom chips arrive in stores today and are available at a variety of consumer-friendly price points.
A versatile, general purpose device, AToM chips will form the heart of the next generation of ATML's workgroup switches, network interface cards and media servers.
Later in 2013, Intel said it would introduce Atom chips for more powerful tablets dubbed "Bay Trail" with partners including Lenovo, Dell Inc.
Dell is building low-power servers using ARM processors, and SeaMicro already sells servers with Atom chips, though it will likely switch to processors from Advanced Micro Devices, since it was justboughtby that company.
lt;p>Intel has little presence in the mobile space beyond netbooks, most of which carry Atom chips, said Dean McCarron, principal analyst at Mercury Research.
The first Intel Inside smartphones will ship later this quarter, which should trigger the first volume shipments of Atom chips for smartphones.
Currently, its Atom chips, which are used in laptops and tablets, are using 32-nm "Saltwell" architecture.
lt;p>Intel in December released new Atom chips that integrate graphics processors inside chips, which has helped products like netbooks become lighter, smaller and more energy efficient.
Intel until now had established a tablet strategy around low-power Atom chips.
AMD's foray into Android space can hurt Intel's plans for its Atom chips.