ATP synthase

(redirected from Atp synthesis)
Also found in: Medical.

ATP synthase

[¦ā¦tē¦pē ′sin‚thās]
(biochemistry)
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of phosphate and adenosine diphosphate into adenosine triphosphate during oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria and bacteria or phosphorylation in chloroplasts.
References in periodicals archive ?
Indeed, studies indicate that ATP synthesis in the liver, both during glycolysis and through the oxidative phosphorylation system, may be reduced when liver tissue or isolated hepatocytes are subjected to low-oxygen conditions.
Controlling ATP synthesis with a pulse of light would provide a new way to study biological processes fueled by the molecule, Gust says.
Although lack of ATP would inhibit the initial step of this pathway (conversion of Met to SAM), our studies suggest that there may be sufficient cellular reserves of SAM and/or S-adenosylhomocysteine to provide continued production of Hcy despite inhibition of ATP synthesis.
Mechanism of inhibition of mitochondrial adenosine triphosphatase by dicyclohexylcarbodiimide and oligomycin: relationship to ATP synthesis.
The RBC membrane sodium potassium ATPase mediated ATP synthesis and archaeal ectoATPase activity was assessed in the above mentioned disorders [1-9].
A combination of single-cell genomics and metagenomics will be used to identify members of the microbial community adapted to low energy flux by use of Na+-based chemiosmotic ATP synthesis.
Its toxicity is attributed to the presence of a hepatotoxic terpenoid known as atractyloside, a powerful inhibitor of cellular respiration and ATP synthesis.
The membrane sodium potassium ATPase mediated ATP synthesis can serve as a source for cellular energetics.
ImmuKnow detects intracellular ATP synthesis in stimulated CD4+ cells selected from whole blood by monoclonal antibody coated magnetic beads.
Comparable to a fuel cell, this process generates an electrical membrane potential, which is the driving force of ATP synthesis.
The authors found that when cells were deprived of retinol, respiration and ATP synthesis defaulted to basal levels.
While CoQ10 and L-carnitine are fundamental to the ATP recycling process, D-ribose is necessary for de novo ATP synthesis.