Attila József

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József, Attila

 

Born Apr. 11, 1905, in Budapest; died Dec. 3, 1937, in the village of Balatonszarszo. Hungarian poet; became a member of the Hungarian Communist Party in 1930.

József was the son of a worker. He studied at the universities of Szeged and Vienna and at the Sorbonne. Imitation of E. Ady, G. Juhász, and W. Whitman is noticeable in his first collection, Beggar of Beauty (1922). However, in his collections It Is Not I Who Shouts (1924) and No Father or Mother (1929), despite the well-known influence of expressionism and surrealism, he was already asserting his own defiantly grotesque, but at times sincere, lyric manner. József’s poetry, in which an intense drama-tism appears, reflects the unfortunate condition of working people and their will for revolutionary struggle (the collections Root Out the Stumps and Don’t Whine, 1931; Night on the Outskirts, 1932; and Bear’s Dance, 1934). In his last collection, Very Painful (1936), bitter protest is interwoven with depression and despair.

WORKS

Összes versci. [Budapest] 1966.
Összes művei, vols. 1–4. Budapest, 1952–67.
Irodalom es szocializmus. [Budapest] 1967.
In Russian translation:
Stikhotvoreniia. Moscow, 1958.
Stikhi. Moscow [1962].

REFERENCES

Shargina, L. ‘Attila Iozhef.” In the collection Pisateli stran narodnoi demokratii. Moscow, 1959.
Rossiianov, O. “Poeticheskii obraz u Attily Iozhefa.” In the collection Poeziia sotsializma. Moscow, 1969.
Szabolcsi, M. Fiatal életek indulója. Budapest, 1963.
Forgács, L. József Attila esztétikója. Budapest, 1965.
Tötök, G. A lira: Logika. Budapest, 1968.
Balogh, L. József Attila, 2nd ed. Budapest, 1970.

O. K. ROSSIIANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
These have included prestigious awards such as the Attila Jozsef Prize (1989) and the Dery Prize (1993).
Lawrence, and Attila Jozsef are placed at the beginning, center, and conclusion of the book respectively.
The editor's choice is sensible, for the early Orban is very eclectic: he grabs and tries to expropriate everything from Walt Whitman and American Beat poetry (Ginsberg, Corso) through Dylan Thomas to Hungarian poets like Attila Jozsef and Istvan Vas.
Both the interwar Horthy era and the thirty-three-year-long communist Kadar regime had its prominent social and political poet-rebels: Attila Jozsef and Gyorgy Petri.
than Attila Jozsef if he is honest and right here and who am i to know--
Kabdebo, Thomas (editor), A Tribute to Attila Jozsef on the 70th Anniversary of his Death (Mary O'Donnell)
This is the second, enlarged edition of a study first published, in 1999, in Supplementum IX of the Acta Antiqua et Archaeologica (Acta Universitatis de Attila Jozsef Nominatae), at Szeged.
CVs are boring, and we can live with that, and that is one of the reasons why Attila Jozsef's "Curriculum Vitae," the first text by the Hungarian poet in the volume entitled A Tribute to Attila Jozsef on the 70th Anniversary of his Death, provides interesting reading.
Indeed one tends to wonder about the relevance of some of the material she introduces (for example the poem by Attila Jozsef on page 20).
from Attila Jozsef University, Szeged, Hungary in molecular biology.
Thomas Kabdebo (editor), A Tribute To Attila Jozsef on the 70th Anniversary of His Death (Dublin: Abbey Press, 2007).
It collects all the poems, sketches, reminiscences, and unpublished notes of Gyula Illyes (1902-83) on his friend (and, at one stage, rival), socialist poet Attila Jozsef.