Oudh

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Oudh

(oud), historic region of N central India, now part of the state of Uttar Pradesh. Its early history centers around the ancient kingdom of Kosala, which had AyodhyaAyodhya
or Ajodhya
, former town, Uttar Pradesh state, N India, on the Ghaghara River. It is a joint municipality with Faizabad. Ayodhya was the capital of the kingdom of Kosala (7th cent. B.C.).
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 (formerly Oudh) as its capital. The region passed under GuptaGupta
, Indian dynasty, A.D. c.320–c.550, whose empire at its height encompassed much of N India. Ancient Indian culture reached a high point during this period. Gupta paintings adorned the caves of Ajanta, its sculpture embellished the temples of Ellora, and its
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 rule in the 4th cent. A.D. and later it became (11th–12th cent.) the center of the Rajput state of Kanauj. In the 13th cent. it was conquered by the Delhi SultanateDelhi Sultanate,
refers to the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India (1210–1526). It was founded after Muhammad of Ghor defeated Prithvi Raj and captured Delhi in 1192.
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. It became (16th cent.) a province of the Mughal empire, and was subsequently governed by the nawabs of Oudh from their capitals of FaizabadFaizabad
or Fyzabad
, town (1991 pop. 176,922), Uttar Pradesh state, N central India, on the Ghaghara River. It is a joint municipality with Ayodhya. A district administrative center and market town, Faizabad trades in local produce and has sugar refineries.
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 (1724–75) and LucknowLucknow
or Lakhnau
, city (1991 pop. 1,669,204), capital of Uttar Pradesh state, N central India, on the Gomati River. An educational and cultural center, it has varied industries, including food processing, railroad shops, and handicrafts.
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 (1775–1856). The annexation (1856) of Oudh as a British province was a contributing cause of the Indian MutinyIndian Mutiny,
1857–58, revolt that began with Indian soldiers in the Bengal army of the British East India Company but developed into a widespread uprising against British rule in India. It is also known as the Sepoy Rebellion, sepoys being the native soldiers.
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 (1857–58). In 1877, Oudh was joined with the presidency of Agra to form the United Provinces, which subsequently became the Indian state of Uttar PradeshUttar Pradesh
, state (2001 provisional pop. 166,052,859), 92,804 sq mi (240,363 sq km), N central India. The capital is Lucknow. Other important cities are Allahabad, Bareilly, Kanpur, and Varanasi.
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.

Oudh,

town, India: see AyodhyaAyodhya
or Ajodhya
, former town, Uttar Pradesh state, N India, on the Ghaghara River. It is a joint municipality with Faizabad. Ayodhya was the capital of the kingdom of Kosala (7th cent. B.C.).
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.

Oudh

 

a historic region in northern India, located on the middle course of the Ganges River. Its name comes from the ancient city of Ajodhya (medieval Awadh). During the Middle Ages, Oudh was the most important part of the large states that formed in the valley of the Ganges. In the 1720’s Saadat Khan, vicegerent of the Great Moguls in Oudh, obtained its de facto independence. In the 18th and early 19th centuries Oudh (with its capital at Lucknow) was one of the significant principalities of India. It actively opposed the expansion of the English East India Company but was defeated by it in 1764 in a battle at Buxar and became the company’s vassal. The annexation of Oudh by the company in 1856 was one of the main reasons why Oudh became the major seat of the Indian popular uprising of 1857–59. Oudh is part of the state of Uttar Pradesh of the Republic of India.

Oudh

1. a region of N India, in central Uttar Pradesh: annexed by Britain in 1856 and a centre of the Indian Mutiny (1857--58); joined with Agra in 1877, becoming the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh in 1902, which were renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950
2. another name for Ayodhya