Allah

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Allah

(ăl`ə, ä`lə), [Arab.,=the God]. Derived from an old Semitic root refering to the Divine and used in the Canaanite El, the Mesopotamian ilu, and the biblical Elohim, the word Allah is used by all Arabic-speaking Muslims, Christians, Jews, and others. Allah, as a deity, was probably known in pre-Islamic Arabia. Arabic chronicles suggest a pre-Islamic recognition of Allah as a supreme God, with the three goddesses al-Lat, al-Uzza, and Manat as his "daughters." The Prophet Muhammad, declaring Allah the God of Abraham, demanded a return to a strict monotheism. IslamIslam
, [Arab.,=submission to God], world religion founded by the Prophet Muhammad. Founded in the 7th cent., Islam is the youngest of the three monotheistic world religions (with Judaism and Christianity). An adherent to Islam is a Muslim [Arab.,=one who submits].
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 supplements Allah as the name of God with the 99 most beautiful names (asma Allah al-husna), understood as nondescriptive mnemonic guides to the Divine attributes.

Bibliography

See S. Friedlander, Ninety-Nine Names of Allah (1978).

Allah

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Although the Qur'an of Islam lists ninety-nine names for God, it says most emphatically that la ilah illa' Allah—"there is no God but Allah." Allah is not so much a name as a title. The word means "the God," and it is the name revealed to the prophet Muhammad of the god worshiped by other "people of the book"—that is, Christians and Jews—although they use other names.

Because the Qur'an cannot be translated—that is, any translation is considered merely a study aid, not the true Qur'an—these words are an approximation, but they carry the weight and the essential meaning of Allah.

There is no god but he; That is the witness of Allah, His angels, and those endued with knowledge, standing firm on justice. There is no god but he, the Exalted in Power, the Wise. (Qur'an 3:18)

He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days, and is moreover firmly established on the Throne [of Authority]. He knows what enters within the earth and what comes forth out of it, what comes down from heaven and what mounts up to it. And he is with you wheresoever ye may be. And Allah sees well all that you do. (57:4)

To Allah belongeth all that is in the heavens and on the earth. Whether ye show what is in your minds or conceal it, Allah calleth you to account for it. He forgiveth whom he pleaseth, and punisheth whom He pleaseth, for Allah hath power over all things. (2:284)

He is the First and the Last, and the Outward and the Inward; and he is the Knower of all things. (57:3)

Allah

 

name of god in Islam. Formed from Arabic ilah, (“divinity”) prefixed by the definite article al-; among the Aramaeans, it is alaha. Allah as the supreme god was known among the northern Arabs before Islam. The concept of Allah as the only god, creator of the world, on whom everything depends, was established in the early period of Islam, specifically in the Koran.

REFERENCES

Goldziher, I. Lektsii ob islame. St. Petersburg, 1912. (Translated from German.)
Petrushevskii, I. P. Islam v Irane VII-XV vekakh. [Leningrad,] 1966.

Allah

made man from flowing blood. [Islam: Koran, 96:2]

Allah

supreme being and pervasive spirit of the universe. [Islam: Leach, 36]

Allah

Islam the Muslim name for God; the one Supreme Being