Augereau, Pierre François Charles

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Augereau, Pierre François Charles

(pyĕr fräNswä` shärl ōzhərō`), 1757–1816, marshal of France. He fought in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars and was a principal in the coup of 18 FructidorFructidor
, 12th month of the French Revolutionary calendar. The coup of 18 Fructidor (Sept. 4, 1797), in which General Augereau was a key figure, annulled the previous elections and removed Lazare Carnot and François de Barthélemy from the Directory.
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 (Sept. 4, 1797). For his heroism in the Italian campaign he was made duke of Castiglione. After the restoration of the Bourbons in 1814, Augereau rallied to Louis XVIII.

Augereau, Pierre François Charles

 

Born Oct. 21, 1757, in Paris; died June 12, 1816, in La Houssaye. Marshal of France (1804); duke of Castiglione (1806). Son of a butler.

Augereau served from 1774 in the French, Prussian, and Neapolitan armies. He entered the national guard in 1790 and the revolutionary army in 1792 and was promoted to brigadier general in 1793 and major general in 1795. In Napoleon’s Italian campaign of 1796–97, Augereau successfully commanded a division at Lodi, Castiglione, and Arcole. On Sept. 4, 1797, he suppressed a royalist mutiny in Paris. He commanded an army in Holland from 1801 to 1803. Augereau was a corps commander from 1805 in the wars of 1805 to 1807 with Austria, Russia, and Prussia and in Spain in 1809–10. He commanded a corps in Prussia in 1812. He served in a campaign in 1813 in Germany. In 1814, Augereau went over to the Bourbons, but in 1815 he tried unsuccessfully to regain Napoleon’s favor. Augereau was notorious for robbing and plundering occupied territories.