Francke, August Hermann

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Francke, August Hermann

(ou`go͝ost hĕr`män fräng`kə), 1663–1727, German Protestant minister and philanthropist. In 1686, encouraged by Philipp Jakob Spener, he helped found the Collegium philobiblicum for the systematic study of the Scriptures. He became a leading exponent of PietismPietism
, a movement in the Lutheran Church (see Lutheranism), most influential between the latter part of the 17th cent. and the middle of the 18th. It was an effort to stir the church out of a settled attitude in which dogma and intellectual religion seemed to be supplanting
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 c.1689 and from 1692 served as professor at the Univ. of Halle and as pastor in a nearby town. He found (1695) at Halle the Francke Institutes, which started with a paupers' school at his parsonage. It grew rapidly, and by Francke's death, more than 2,200 children were being served. The institutes exerted strong influence on the growth of Prussian education.

Bibliography

See H. E. Guericke, August Hermann Francke (1827, tr. 1837).

References in periodicals archive ?
The central focus, however, is directed toward the leaders and achievements of Pietism at three centers of gravity: Johann Jakob Schiitz and Philipp Jakob Spener in Frankfurt; eight leaders in Leipzig (Anton, Francke, Friedel, Huffland, Lange, Schade, Thieme, and Wartenburg); and August Hermann Francke with several colleagues in Halle.
s primary significance in the history of ideas was his attempted mediation between the rationalism of Christian Wolff and the pietism of such figures as Joachim Lange and August Hermann Francke.
The broad contours of this period, which Mori dubs as the "second wave" of Pietism, are generally well-known and have often been treated as part of the early history of August Hermann Francke and Francke's Pietist foundations in Halle.
Inspired by Spener's understanding of the collegia pietatis, August Hermann Francke and others instituted small devotional groups for the study of scripture, drawing considerable lay interest from washerwomen and cobblers to theology students.
6) Thereafter Pietisterey and Pietismus quickly came to refer to a renewal movement within Lutheranism associated with Philipp Jacob Spener and August Hermann Francke.
Brecht's understanding of Pietism takes into consideration the powerful legacy of Arndt within German Lutheranism and Arndt's subsequent influence on both Philipp Jacob Spener and August Hermann Francke.
In Halle, Brandenburg-Prussia, just thirty miles from Leipzig, August Hermann Francke began to build up an extensive and similarly influential system of orphanages and schools in the 1690's.
The new methods originated in Halle, where August Hermann Francke was strengthening a link between literacy and religion established during the Reformation.
1740), under the instruction of the syndic's daughter, he was profoundly inspired by stories about what missionaries of the Royal Danish Mission (also otherwise known as the Danish-Halle Mission) were doing in India, and by the writings of Professor August Hermann Francke, under whom she herself had studied.
The king used the educational techniques perfected by the Halle Pietist leader, August Hermann Francke (1663-1727), to inculcate a feeling of loyalty to crown and state in the military and in the new bureaucracy.
His Saxon disciple, August Hermann Francke, was then appointed to one of the three theology professorships, all held by Pietists.
August Hermann Francke and Count Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf appear as the principal characters in this history because they were remarkably connected with many of the indigenous revival stirrings and much of the ecclesiastical maneuvering that occurred throughout Europe then.