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Augusta, city, Italy


(ougo͞o`stä), city (1991 pop. 34,189), E Sicily, Italy, on an island (formerly a peninsula) in the Ionian Sea, connected by bridge with the Sicilian mainland. It is a leading port and a fishing and industrial center. Manufactures include refined petroleum, petrochemicals, textiles, and fertilizer. The city was a Greek settlement and then a Roman military base. It was refounded by Emperor Frederick II in 1232 and later (15th–early 16th cent.) was a thriving banking town. Augusta was badly damaged by earthquakes in 1693 and 1848. Of note is Frederick II's castle (now a penitentiary).

Augusta, cities, United States


(ôgŭs`tə, əgŭs`–).

1 City (1990 pop. 44,639), seat of Richmond co., E Ga.; inc. 1798. At the head of navigation on the Savannah River and protected by levees, Augusta is the trade center for a broad band of counties in Georgia and South Carolina known as the Central Savannah River Area. It is also an important industrial center, manufacturing textiles, chemicals, building materials, medical supplies, tools, and wood, paper, metal, and plastic products. The city is the headquarters of the Augusta National Golf Club and sponsors the annual Masters Tournament.

Augusta grew from an old river trading post existing as early as 1717 and was named by James OglethorpeOglethorpe, James Edward
, 1696–1785, English general and philanthropist, founder of the American colony of Georgia. He had some military experience before being elected (1722) to the House of Commons, where he held a seat for 32 years.
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 in 1735 after the mother of George III. In the American Revolution, Augusta changed hands several times and was finally taken by Continental forces under Andrew Pickens and Light-Horse Harry Lee in 1781. It was the capital of Georgia from 1785 to 1795. Augusta expanded rapidly with the tobacco and cotton industries. By 1820 the city was a trade terminus; manufacturing began in 1828, when Augusta's first textile plant began operation. During the Civil War, Augusta housed the largest Confederate powderworks.

The city's historical attractions include a boyhood home of President Woodrow Wilson, a U.S. arsenal (1815–1955), whose surviving buildings are part of Augusta State Univ., and old homes of Georgian and classic-revival styles. Paine College and Georgia Medical College are also in Augusta. Nearby is Fort Gordon, with training schools for military police, the signal corps, and the corps of engineers. The waterfront facing the Savannah River has been landscaped, creating a riverfront promenade along the levee with an amphitheater. The former Cotton Exchange building now serves as a visitor's center and museum.

2 City (1990 pop. 21,325), state capital and seat of Kennebec co., SW Maine, on the Kennebec River; inc. as a town 1797, as a city 1849. Government, health services, and education are now the important industries. Traders visited the site, long known as Cushnoc, even before 1628, when the Plymouth Company established a trading post. Fort Western was built in 1754, and Benedict ArnoldArnold, Benedict,
1741–1801, American Revolutionary general and traitor, b. Norwich, Conn. As a youth he served for a time in the colonial militia in the French and Indian Wars. He later became a prosperous trader.
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's expedition to Quebec assembled at the fort in 1775. (The garrison house was restored as a museum in 1921.) The settlement around the fort developed with shipping and shipbuilding on the Kennebec. Manufacturing began in 1837, when a dam was built across the river; the dam was removed in 1999. The capitol building (1829) was designed by Charles BulfinchBulfinch, Charles,
1763–1844, American architect, b. Boston. A member of the Boston board of selectmen in 1791, he was chosen chairman in 1799—an office equivalent to mayor and held by Bulfinch for 19 years.
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 but has been considerably enlarged and remodeled. James G. BlaineBlaine, James Gillespie,
1830–93, American politician, b. West Brownsville, Pa. Early Career

Blaine taught school and studied law before moving (1854) to Maine, where he became an influential newspaper editor.
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's early 19-century home is the governor's mansion. A branch of the Univ. of Maine is there.



a city in the southeastern USA, in the state of Georgia, on the right bank of the Savannah River. Population, 60,000 (1970); including suburbs, 253,500. It is a junction of railroad lines and highways. In 1969, 31,000 workers were engaged in industry. Industries include textiles, woodworking, paper and pulp, chemicals, and food processing. Nearby (on the left bank of the Savannah River) is one of the main centers of the atomic industry in the USA.


1. a town in the US, in Georgia. Pop.: 193 316 (2003 est.) (including Richmond)
2. a port in S Italy, in E Sicily. Pop.: 33 820 (2001)
3. a city in the US, in Maine: the state capital; founded (1628) as a trading post; timber industry. Pop.: 18 618 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Courtyard Augusta has just the deal that will reel in outdoor lovers.
The AEDA made the announcement at the State Capitol Building by Georgia Governor Nathan Deal, Georgia Department of Economic Development Commissioner Chris Carr, Augusta Mayor Deke Copenhaver, and Chairman Henry Ingram, Executive Director Walter Sprouse, and Project Manager Scott Poag of the Augusta Economic Development Authority.
The group will be using the Guardian Watch[TM] m911 mobile application to help keep the neighborhoods around the Augusta National Golf Club safe and secure in support of the city's public EMS and Richmond County Sheriff's Department.
Augusta National Chairman Billy Payne called the selection of the club's two new female members "a joyous occasion" and a "significant and positive time in our club's history.
A life-long and loyal Democrat, Augusta looked forward to voting in every election.
He said: "Ever since watching that shot of Sandy Lyle from the bunker at the last I have wanted to play at Augusta.
Marriott International Inc (NYSE: MAR), a US-based company that owns and operates hotel properties, has announced that Augusta Marriott Hotel and Suites has changed the hotel name to the Augusta Marriott at the Convention Centre, located in Georgia, US.
The airline has said that it will add more than 7,000 seats for travel between Augusta and its Atlanta hub, as well as daily service between Augusta and New York's LaGuardia Airport and peak-day service between Augusta and New York-JFK.
The new store, which is scheduled to open on 15 October 2008, will be located in the Augusta Mall at 3540 Wrightsboro Road.
Augusta remembers when her mother began to work with Soynica-a partner of Presbyterian World Service & Development committed to helping communities in Nicaragua improve nutrition-over seven years ago.
AN INADVERTENT casualty of the West's disaproval of the new Palestinian government are the patients--some of them children--of the Lutheran-supported Augusta Victoria Hospital located on the Mount of Olives in East Jerusalem.
Tour renaissance man Luke Donald - painter, pianist and two-time winner - brings in his usual composure, and Augusta native Charles Howell III shows up with a special appreciation of his hometown course.