Auguste Mariette

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Mariette, Auguste


Born Feb. 11, 1821, in Boulogne; died Jan. 19, 1881, in Cairo. French Egyptologist and archaeologist. Member of the Academy of Inscriptions (1878).

In 1851, during excavations in Egypt, Mariette discovered the temple of the god Serapis in Memphis. From 1854 to 1858 he worked as conservator of the Egyptian collection of the Louvre. In 1858 he returned to Egypt and, upon request of the khedive, founded and headed the Antiquities Service and the Egyptian Museum. Mariette conducted excavations in Tanis, Memphis, Saggara, Medum (Meidum), Abydos, Thebes, and Gebel Barkal, discovering many of the most important inscriptions and monuments of the art and material culture of the ancient Egyptians. Mariette was elevated to the rank of pasha and buried in the courtyard of the Egyptian Museum.


Le Sérapéum de Memphis. Paris, 1882.
Denderah …, vols. 1-6. Paris, 1870-75.
Deir-el-Bahari…, vols. 1-2. Leipzig, 1877.
Abydos.. ., vols. 1-2. Paris, 1869-80.
Les Mastaba de VAncien Empire, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1882.
Oeuvres diverses, vol. 1. Paris, 1904.
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In yet another of Cairo's many interrelated ironies, it was that same sniper-employing Hosni Mubarak who, as President of Egypt, had opened the National Cultural Centre, and it is just outside the entrance to the defended Egyptian Museum on Tahrir Square that visitors can gaze upon a bust of Auguste Mariette, the Egyptologist who is often credited with writing the story that inspired Verdi's Aida.
French archaeologist Auguste Mariette, in the Khedive's service, wrote a brief plot which eventually served the respected Italian librettist Antonio Ghislanzoni as a basis for his libretto.
Founded in 1858 by French Egyptologist Auguste Mariette, the museum contains more than 100,000 artifacts, including the world renowned -- and reputedly cursed -- treasures from Tutankhamen's tomb.
Currently a centrepiece of the main hall at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, the double statue was unearthed in 1889 at Medinet Habu on the west bank of the Nile by French Egyptologist Auguste Mariette.
An opera originally in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto is based on a scenario written by a French Egyptologist called Auguste Mariette.
The four name-lists are as follows ("D[endera]" and "E[dfu]" refer to Emile Chassinat's monumental editions of the Dendera and Edfu texts, MD to Dendera texts so far published only by Auguste Mariette in 1870-73): (1) E V 346,6-347,5 (40 names); (2) D VI 165,10-169,7 (146 names); (3) MD I 16b, 1-11 (136 names); and (4) D VII 140,2 (3 names).