Auguste Perret


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Perret, Auguste

 

Born Feb. 12, 1874, in Brussels; died Mar. 4, 1954, in Paris. French architect.

Perret studied at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris with L. S. Bernier and J. Guadet. In 1928 he became a professor at the Special School of Architecture in Paris. He was made an honorary president of the International Union of Architects in 1948.

Perret was among the first to design buildings entirely of reinforced concrete. Seeking to endow the framework with aesthetic qualities, as in half-timber (fachwerke) Gothic buildings, he strove for the complete coordination of architectural form and design. This is evident in many of his buildings in Paris, including an apartment house on Franklin Street (1903), a garage on Ponthieu Street (1905-06, demolished in the 1960’s), a theater on the Champs Elysées (1911-13), and the Church of Notre Dame du Raincy (1922-23).

For primarily utilitarian purposes, Perret’s industrial designs were as simple and efficient as possible. Such designs characterized the docks in Casablanca (1915), a plant in Montataire (Oise Department, 1920), and a plant in Issoire (Puy-de-Dôme Department, 1939). Attempts to combine efficient construction methods with a neoclassical style, which marked Perret’s work in the 1920’s and 1930’s, resulted eventually in a dryness of form (for example, the Nuclear Research Center in Saclay, Essonne Department, 1947-53). During the last years of his life, the architect worked on large-scale urban construction projects, such as the reconstruction of the destroyed parts of Le Havre (begun in 1947).

WORKS

Contribution à une théorie de l’architecture. Paris [1952].

REFERENCES

Rogers, E. A. Perret. Milan, 1955.
Zahar, M. D’une doctrine d’architecture: A. Perret. Paris [1959].

A. D. SARAB’IANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
In the 1920s, Auguste Perret, the great French master of reinforced concrete, argued that 'the maimed cathedral' at Reims, pulverised by German shells during the First World War, should not have been restored: 'The traces of War should not have been erased; the memory fades only too quickly.
Voluntary ex ante transparency notice: eesc - palais jena - restoration of concrete facades of auguste perret - lot 02 - painting work.
The centre was rebuilt by "concrete poet" architect Auguste Perret and in 2005, it became the first 20th century European urban settlement to be awarded World Heritage status.
Renowned architect Auguste Perret designed several buildings in Egypt, three of which are in Alexandria.
He studied art in his home country before going to work in Paris for Auguste Perret, the French pioneer of reinforced concrete.
A chapel in the building--designed by architect Auguste Perret, one of the pioneers in the use of reinforced concrete--enabled those attending the House of Ananias to learn the liturgy and join a community of worshipers.
Contractor address : 75 rue Auguste Perret, ZAC de la Pauline, CS 42117
2 PERRET IN FRANCE AND ALGERIA (Heinz Emigholz) This gloriously controlled study of the work of French architect Auguste Perret uses cinema to reveal architectural space and the effects of time on buildings.
Back in LA, he did a stretch in the office of Pereira & Luckman, big-time operators in the aerospace and corporate arena, and another three and half years in Gruen's office, before leaving in 1961 for a stint in Paris with the architect Andre Remondet (successor to Auguste Perret at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts).
William Curtis quotes Lasdun as saying of Tecton, 'Here I found a professionalism, a classical attention to detail and a continuity of attitude to concrete which had its roots in the work of Auguste Perret.
The infrastructure of a nation was built in Neo-Classical urban style, with fine details subsumed under systems of proportion - later easily adapted, with vertical filigree and stepped-back terraces, for New World skyscrapers jalmar Castren, like Peter Behrens in Germany and Auguste Perret in France, pioneered reinforced concrete.
Prominently sited at the harbour-mouth, the building broke with the idiom adopted by Auguste Perret and his atelier for the reconstruction of Le Havre's carpet-bombed town centre.