Augustinians

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Augustinians,

religious order in the Roman Catholic Church. The name derives from the Rule of St. Augustine (5th cent.?), which established rules for monastic observance and common religious life. The canons regular, made up of ordained clergy, adopted this rule in the 11th cent. and became known as Augustinian, or Austin, canons. Augustinian canons pursue a life of poverty, celibacy, and obedience without withdrawing from the world. Subsequent orders of canons regular, such as the Premonstratensians, are outgrowths of the Augustinians. The Austin friars are an entirely different group of religious, dating from the 13th cent. (see friarfriar
[Lat. frater=brother], member of certain Roman Catholic religious orders, notably, the Dominicans, Franciscans, Carmelites, and Augustinians. Although a general form of address in the New Testament, since the 13th cent.
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). Officially known as Hermits of St. Augustine, they now exist in three independent branches—the Calced Augustinian Hermits, the more austere and less numerous Discalced Augustinian Hermits, and the Recollects of St. Augustine. There are also congregations of women corresponding to both canons and friars.
References in periodicals archive ?
In fact, Roger Bacon, an English Franciscan monk, laid out the basic scientific experimental method back in the 1200s; Gregor Mendel, a Moravian Augustinian monk, discovered genetics; and George Lemaitre, a Belgian priest, first proposed the "big bang theory.
with Leonardo Boff, Hermann Kung, and Hans Kung), through the lens of the theologian's biographers; his vocational development (from childhood to becoming a theologian; and, as a representative of the church, during his teaching posts, in the CDF, or as primate); and a careful analysis of his ecumenical theology (from his first research on die Frage der Einheit as an Augustinian monk, to his study of the historical theology of Bonnaventura, to his other publications while serving in the Second Vatican Council and CDF, including Die Christliche Bruderlichkeit [1958], Kirche, Okumene, Politik [1986], Dominus Iesus [2000], a consolidated anthology [Weggemeinshaft des Glaubens (2002)], and bis polemics).
Last week, this term was used by Father Iggy O'Donovan, Irish Roman Catholic priest, Augustinian monk and historian, in his interview to BBC radio when he spoke about the atmosphere in Ireland up to the 1970s, which was hypocritically imposed on the country by the Church authorities covering up then numerous pedophilia crimes by Catholic priests.
27 Augustinian monk Gregor Mendel's researches make him a key figure in the history of which science?
Foresti, an Augustinian monk who lived mostly in Brescia, sought to reinforce "traditional female stereotypes and female subordination" that appeared to be losing ground in the Ferrarese court (7, 118-19).
Such is the prelude to the arrival on the scene of a principal character in early Coptic Studies, Guillaume (William) Bonjour (1670-1714), an Augustinian monk from Toulouse in southern France.
God chose a troubled Augustinian monk who could find no peace, teaching at a struggling university, to reform and renew the church.
s interpretation, is the recovery of Augustine's theology, initially by Luther, the Augustinian monk.
Director Eric Till's tale of Martin Luther (Joseph Fiennes) and the Reformation acknowledges the political forces that led German princes to support the Augustinian monk in his struggles with Rome and presents Luther as a complex character.
Aside from the well-worn example of Gregor Mendel, the 19th-century Augustinian monk who invented the science of genetics, Gargantini cited several other instances of Catholics who made contributions to science precisely because of their faith convictions.
Ever since the Augustinian monk Gregor Mendel started dabbling with the hybridisation of garden peas in 1855, plants have been manipulated by breeders to create new varieties, with selected characteristics that appeal to the horticultural and agricultural industries.
The Andes have projected a powerful botanical aura ever since the early seventeenth century, when an Augustinian monk reported the existence of a miraculous tree whose bark was effective in treating malarial fevers.