Augustus III


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Augustus III,

1696–1763, king of Poland (1735–63) and, as Frederick Augustus II, elector of Saxony (1733–63); son of Augustus IIAugustus II,
1670–1733, king of Poland (1697–1733) and, as Frederick Augustus I, elector of Saxony (1694–1733). He commanded the imperial army against the Turks (1695–96), but had no success and was replaced by Prince Eugene of Savoy as soon as he
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, whom he succeeded in Saxony. Elected king of Poland by a minority, he allied himself with Empress Anna of Russia and Holy Roman Emperor Charles VICharles VI,
1685–1740, Holy Roman emperor (1711–40), king of Bohemia (1711–40) and, as Charles III, king of Hungary (1712–40); brother and successor of Holy Roman Emperor Joseph I. Charles was the last Holy Roman emperor of the direct Hapsburg line.
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 in the War of the Polish SuccessionPolish Succession, War of the,
1733–35. On the death (1733) of Augustus II of Poland, Stanislaus I sought to reascend the Polish throne. He was supported by his son-in-law, Louis XV of France.
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 (1733–35) and secured the throne from Stanislaus IStanislaus I,
1677–1766, king of Poland (1704–1709, 1733–35) and duke of Lorraine (1735–66). He was born Stanislaus Leszczynski. Early in the Northern War (1700–1721), Charles XII of Sweden overran Poland and expelled King Augustus II.
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. In the War of the Austrian SuccessionAustrian Succession, War of the,
1740–48, general European war. Causes of the War

The war broke out when, on the strength of the pragmatic sanction of 1713, the Austrian archduchess Maria Theresa succeeded her father, Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, as ruler
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 (1740–48), Augustus at first offered to support Maria Theresa in return for a corridor between Poland and Saxony. He was refused and entered the coalition against her, claiming rights as a son-in-law of her uncle, Holy Roman Emperor Joseph IJoseph I,
1678–1711, Holy Roman emperor (1705–11), king of Hungary (1687–1711) and of Bohemia (1705–11), son and successor of Leopold I. Joseph became Holy Roman emperor in the midst of the War of the Spanish Succession and died before it ended.
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. He changed sides in 1742. When the Seven Years WarSeven Years War,
1756–63, worldwide war fought in Europe, North America, and India between France, Austria, Russia, Saxony, Sweden, and (after 1762) Spain on the one side and Prussia, Great Britain, and Hanover on the other.
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 began (1756) with a surprise attack on Saxony, Augustus fled to Poland; he returned to Dresden only after the war was over (1763). He was a patron of the arts, and his indolence and sensuality kept him from state affairs, which he left to his ministers, notably Count BrühlBrühl, Heinrich, Graf von
, 1700–1763, Saxon statesman. He was adviser to Augustus II, king of Poland and elector of Saxony, and gained control of both governments after the accession (1733) of Augustus III.
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. Augustus's death ended the union of Saxony and Poland. His grandson became elector of Saxony (and later, as Frederick Augustus IFrederick Augustus I,
1750–1827, king (1806–27) and elector (1763–1806) of Saxony, grand duke of Warsaw (1807–14). He sided with the allies in the French Revolutionary Wars and joined Prussia in the campaign of 1806 against the French emperor Napoleon I.
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, king), but Stanislaus IIStanislaus II,
1732–98, last king of Poland (1764–95). He was born Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski. His mother was a member of the powerful Czartoryski family, which furthered Stanislaus's career. He was (1756–58) Polish ambassador to St.
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 was elected king of Poland with Russian support.
References in periodicals archive ?
Zelenka started to compose his Lamentatio leremiae Prophetae, ZWV 53, and Responsoria pro hebdomada sancta, ZWV 55, in 1722 to commission for the Dresden royal court, most likely upon the initiative of Maria Josepha, Archduchess of Austria, wife of King Augustus III of Poland.
The recordbusting example was a magnificent Meissen gold-mounted royal snuff box made for augustus iii, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland.
Fortunately, Augustus III enthusiastically pursued his father's vision, and precisely observed, brightly painted birds of all kinds--doves, woodpeckers, wagtails, golden orioles--arrived from the factory until deliveries dried up in 1737, the project incomplete.
The Meissen plate was a gift from Augustus III, King of Poland and Elector of Saxony, to Sir Charles Hanbury Williams in 1748, probably passing to the then Earl of Northumberland in 1756.
The former describes the history of the richness and the development of Dresden, which acquired its cornucopia of architectural treasures from the electors of Saxony, Augustus the Strong and his son Augustus III.
They are those of Frederick-Augustus II, Elector of Saxony, King Augustus III of Poland and his wife Queen Maria-Josepha.
1735 Made for Augustus III, who was elected King of Poland in 1733.
Through Francesco Algarotti, he managed to find a purchaser for La Chocolatiere in the Saxon Elector Friedrich August II, who was also Augustus III, King of Poland-Lithuania.
He paid 27,060 [pounds sterling] to repatriate a plate missing from the service given by Augustus III, King of Poland to Sir Charles Hanbury Williams in 1748, which probably passed to the then Earl of Northumberland in 1756.
The second room of the exhibition is devoted to Bellotto's work in Dresden for one of his two major patrons, Friedrich August II, Saxon elector of the Holy Roman Empire and, from 1733, Augustus III, elected King of Poland-Lithuania.