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Born Mar. 1, 1848, in Dublin; died Aug. 3, 1907, in Cornish, N.H. American sculptor.
Saint-Gaudens studied at the National Academy of Design in New York from 1864 to 1866 and the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1867 to 1870. He worked in Rome (1870–72 and 1873–75) and in the United States. Saint-Gaudens was the most outstanding American sculptor of the 19th century. He combined precision and severe restraint with grace, vivid expressiveness, spontaneity, and naturalism.
Saint-Gaudens’s works include the bronze monuments to Admiral D. G. Farragut in New York (1881), A. Lincoln in Chicago (1887), and R. Shaw in Boston (1897), the Adams Memorial (bronze, 1891, Rock Creek Cemetery, Washington, D.C.), and the bas-relief portrait of R. L. Stevenson (bronze, 1899–1900, National Portrait Gallery, Washington). Another major work is Diana (copper, 1892, Philadelphia Museum of Art.)