Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Aurangzeb: Shah Jahan


(ôr`əngzĕb') or


(–zĭb'), 1618–1707, MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
..... Click the link for more information.
 emperor of India (1658–1707), son and successor of Shah JahanShah Jahan
or Shah Jehan
, 1592–1666, Mughal emperor of India (1628–58), son and successor of Jahangir. His full name was Khurram Shihab-ud-din Muhammad. He rebelled against his father in 1622 but was pardoned and succeeded to the throne in 1628.
..... Click the link for more information.
. He served (1636–44, 1653–58) as viceroy of the Deccan but was constantly at odds with his father and his eldest brother, Dara Shikoh, the heir apparent. When Shah Jahan fell ill in 1658, Aurangzeb seized the opportunity to fight and defeat Dara and two other brothers in a battle for succession. He imprisoned his father for life and ascended the throne at Agra with the reign title Alamgir [world-shaker]. A scholarly, austere man, devoted to Islam, he persecuted the Hindus, destroying their temples and monuments. He executed the guru of the Sikhs (see SikhismSikhism
, religion centered in the Indian state of Punjab, numbering worldwide some 19 million. Some 300,000 Sikhs live in Britain, and there are smaller communities in North America, Australia, and Singapore.
..... Click the link for more information.
) when he refused to embrace Islam. Although the Mughal empire reached its greatest extent under Aurangzeb, it was also fatally weakened by revolts of the Sikhs, Rajputs, and Jats in the north and the rebellion of the Marathas in the Deccan. From 1682, Aurangzeb concentrated all his energies on crushing the Marathas, but his costly campaigns were only temporarily successful and further weakened his authority in the north. The Mughal empire fell apart soon after his death.


See biographies by Sir Jadunath Sarkar (5 vol., 1912–24) and M. Lal (1988); studies by S. Lane-Poole (1964) and R. C. Hallissey (1977).



Born 1618; died 1707. Last true ruler of the Mogul Empire (1658–1707). Son of Shah Jahan.

Aurangzeb was vicegerent of the Deccan from 1636 to 1644 and 1652 to 1657. In the war for the throne among the four sons of Shah Jahan (1658–59), Aurangzeb was victorious less because of his military superiority than because of intrigue, bribery, and deceit. He killed all the other claimants to the throne and put his father under house arrest.

Aurangzeb waged wars to seize Kandahar and Balkh in the north and Ahmadnahar, Bijapur, and Golconda in the Deccan. To pay for these costly wars, Aurangzeb increased taxes and renewed the jizya. Carrying out a policy of Muslim intolerance, he destroyed Hindu temples, confiscated the property of Hindu merchants, and annexed the lands of Hindu feudal lords. This provoked a Maratha uprising throughout the country, led by Sivaji, the Jats, the Rajput princes, and the Sikhs. The disintegration of the empire was accelerated by Aurangzeb’s harsh religious intolerance. At the end of Aurangzeb’s life, his sons rebelled against him. Under Aurangzeb, European trading companies became stronger in India.


Bernier, F. Istoriia poslednikh politicheskikh perevorotov v gosudarstve Velikogo Mogola. Moscow-Leningrad, 1936. (Translated from French.)
Sarkar, J. The History of Aurangzib[2nd-3rd ed.], vols. 1–6. Calcutta, 1924–28.


References in periodicals archive ?
British-born Chaudhary Aurangzeb was just 18 when he travelled to Kashmir with his father in April 1994 to re-discover his roots.
Earlier, Sardar Aurangzeb Nalotha has demanded the dispatching of machinery to the area till tomorrow evening.
As a tribute to the People's President, I propose to rename the Aurangzeb road in New Delhi as APJ Abdul Kalam Marg.
You realise why she seems so assured of making a strong impact in Bollywood when you know she has a three- film deal with Yash Raj Films, starting with Aurangzeb .
Emperor Aurangzeb gifted seven villages to Baba Ram Rai," Juyal added.
Mariyam Aurangzeb said that peace is linked with economic prosperity, adding that all important steps are being taken to achieve the progress in this regard.
He added that the two arrested people confessed that his (Shah Jahan) brother, Aurangzeb residing in Islamabad had given Rs 1.
As every body knows that Aurangzeb was a Mughal emperor and he was a torrent to an extent that he went on to destroy his own family to obtain power and there in lies the answer of why the title is Aurangzeb," he said.
Ambassador Jauhar Saleem, deputy head of mission Aurangzeb and community welfare attachA Rana Muhammad Rafique Khan attended the event, along with diplomats, community leaders, guests and journalists.
According to the draws released by the UK-based World Squash Federation, the Pakistanis who will feature in the competition to be held from July 27 to August 1 followed by World Junior Team Championship from August 2 to 7 are: Mohammad Saqib Yousuf, Nasir Iqbal, Danish Atlas Khan, Farhan Zaman, Aurangzeb Mehmund and Waqas Mahboob.
Aurangzeb Khan and his team face a 14-hour slog at Huddersfield's Greenhead Park on Sunday.
Mark Templeton, president and chief executive officer (CEO) of Artisan Components; Aurangzeb Khan, corporate vice president of business development and chief technology officer of worldwide field operations at Cadence Design Systems; Lucio Lanza, managing partner of Lanza Tech Ventures; Rich Wawrzyniak, senior analyst application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) and system on chip (SoC) at Semico Research Corp.