Aurignacian Culture

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Aurignacian Culture

 

an archaeological culture of the early stage of the Upper Paleolithic. It is named after Aurignac Cave (in the department of Haute-Garonne, France), where excavations were conducted.

The Aurignacian culture, in the narrow sense of the term, was widespread in France, where it is dated by the radiocarbon method at 33,000–19,000 years B.C. It replaced the Mousterian culture, with which it has no genetic ties (the Aurignacian culture most likely did not originate in Western Europe but was introduced from elsewhere); was contemporaneous with the Périgordian culture; and preceded the Solutrean culture. In the broader sense of the term, the Aurignacian culture was represented in a number of Western and Central European countries.

The Aurignacian culture is characterized by flint blades with retouching and fluting along the edges, end scrapers, core tools, rather well-developed bone working (in particular, split-base bone lance points), remains of dwellings, and relatively well-developed art.

REFERENCES

Grigor’ev, G. P. Nachalo verkhnego paleolita i proiskhozhdenie Homo sapiens. Leningrad, 1968.
Bordes, F. Le Paléolitique dans le monde. Paris, 1968.

P. I. BORISKOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Based on further analyses presented in Honolulu at the 2013 annual meeting of the Paleoanthropology Society, Tostevin suspects Middle Eastern humans or Neandertals made triangular stone darts for spear-throwers that for some reason later got replaced by rectangular Aurignacian stone darts.
Early Aurignacian humans functioned, more or less, like humans today," explained New York University anthropology professor Randall White, one of the study's co-authors.
Conard NJ "A female figurine from the basal Aurignacian of Hohle Fels Cave in southwestern Germany.
31) After about 60,000 BP, anatomically modern humans with Aurignacian technology moved into Europe and displaced the Neanderthals there.
We can now conclude that music played an important role in Aurignacian life in the Ach and Lone valleys, commented Nicholas Conard, a professor at the University of Tubingen and lead author of the study.
White notes that "Experiments conducted with elephant ivory at New York University [NYU], using faithful replicas of Aurignacian tool-forms, suggest an average time per basket-shaped bead of well in excess of an hour" [554].
Therefore he presumed that it was possible to assume that the effects of its functioning would now be the same as they had during the Aurignacian (ibid.
One archaeologist, Yanik Le Guillou, has remarked on the visual association between the work of bears and that of Aurignacian people: "It is interesting to note," he says simply, "the systematic connection of animal clawmarks and engravings, as if the former had attracted the latter.
The early Aurignacian use of beads made from exotic and rare shells and stones (White 1989a, 1989b) attests to making special as in necklaces and decorated garments at least from 35,000 B.
The technical explosion of the Aurignacian period, some 50,000 years ago, was one of these leaps.
Applying a detailed debitage classification system to define closely the reduction sequence at Jebel Humeima, Coinman reattributes the assemblage to Akhmarian, replacing an earlier Aurignacian attribution, obviously a major realignment, given the dichotomy usually perceived between the two.
The Cro-Magnon Aurignacian culture of Western Europe (30,000-26,000 B.