Aurignacian Culture


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Aurignacian Culture

 

an archaeological culture of the early stage of the Upper Paleolithic. It is named after Aurignac Cave (in the department of Haute-Garonne, France), where excavations were conducted.

The Aurignacian culture, in the narrow sense of the term, was widespread in France, where it is dated by the radiocarbon method at 33,000–19,000 years B.C. It replaced the Mousterian culture, with which it has no genetic ties (the Aurignacian culture most likely did not originate in Western Europe but was introduced from elsewhere); was contemporaneous with the Périgordian culture; and preceded the Solutrean culture. In the broader sense of the term, the Aurignacian culture was represented in a number of Western and Central European countries.

The Aurignacian culture is characterized by flint blades with retouching and fluting along the edges, end scrapers, core tools, rather well-developed bone working (in particular, split-base bone lance points), remains of dwellings, and relatively well-developed art.

REFERENCES

Grigor’ev, G. P. Nachalo verkhnego paleolita i proiskhozhdenie Homo sapiens. Leningrad, 1968.
Bordes, F. Le Paléolitique dans le monde. Paris, 1968.

P. I. BORISKOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
The earliest traces left by man, in several caves in Europe, can be dated back to as early as the beginnings of the Aurignacian culture, some 27,000 years ago: there were black and white outlines of human hands, drawings of geometric figures or outlines of animals drawn in the soft clay with a finger or stick, the edges of which were sometimes highlighted with a kind of pigment, and engravings in the rock of geometric or zoomorphic figures, which were also often highlighted by pigmentation.
The Cro-Magnon Aurignacian culture of Western Europe (30,000-26,000 B.
About 42,000 years ago, the Aurignacian culture, attributed to modern Homo sapiens, appeared in northern Italy while central Italy continued to be occupied by Neanderthals of the Mousterian culture, which had been around for at least 100,000 years.