Aurignacian Culture


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Aurignacian Culture

 

an archaeological culture of the early stage of the Upper Paleolithic. It is named after Aurignac Cave (in the department of Haute-Garonne, France), where excavations were conducted.

The Aurignacian culture, in the narrow sense of the term, was widespread in France, where it is dated by the radiocarbon method at 33,000–19,000 years B.C. It replaced the Mousterian culture, with which it has no genetic ties (the Aurignacian culture most likely did not originate in Western Europe but was introduced from elsewhere); was contemporaneous with the Périgordian culture; and preceded the Solutrean culture. In the broader sense of the term, the Aurignacian culture was represented in a number of Western and Central European countries.

The Aurignacian culture is characterized by flint blades with retouching and fluting along the edges, end scrapers, core tools, rather well-developed bone working (in particular, split-base bone lance points), remains of dwellings, and relatively well-developed art.

REFERENCES

Grigor’ev, G. P. Nachalo verkhnego paleolita i proiskhozhdenie Homo sapiens. Leningrad, 1968.
Bordes, F. Le Paléolitique dans le monde. Paris, 1968.

P. I. BORISKOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
A brief overview of Aurignacian cultures in the context of the industries of the transition from the Middle to the Upper Palaeolithic, in O.
About 42,000 years ago, the Aurignacian culture, attributed to modern Homo sapiens, appeared in northern Italy while central Italy continued to be occupied by Neanderthals of the Mousterian culture, which had been around for at least 100,000 years.
A new study suggests that stone tools and other remains of the Aurignacian culture, generally attributed to the handiwork of the earlist European Homo sapiens sapiens, date to nearly 40,000 years ago in western Europe -- about 6,000 years earlier than previously thought.
40 000 years ago by AMHs bearing an Aurignacian culture (Stringer & Gamble 1993; Mellars 1996; Noble & Davidson 1996).
Washington, September 23 (ANI): The oldest lunar calendars have been identified in cave art found in France and Germany, dating back to the Aurignacian Culture of Europe during 32,000 B.