Austen Chamberlain


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Chamberlain, Austen

 

(also Joseph A. Chamberlain). Born Oct. 16, 1863, in Birmingham; died Mar. 16, 1937, in London. British state figure. Son of Joseph Chamberlain.

Austen Chamberlain, who was educated at the exclusive Rugby School and at Cambridge University, entered Parliament in 1892. He served as financial secretary to the treasury from 1900 to 1902, postmaster general in 1902, and chancellor of the exchequer from 1903 to 1905 and from 1919 to 1921. He was secretary of state for India from 1915 to 1917, a member of the war cabinet in 1918, minister without portfolio in 1921 and 1922, and foreign secretary from 1924 to 1929.

Chamberlain fought to establish Great Britain as the leading European power. He favored a strong and rearmed Germany, hoping to use it against the USSR and as a counterbalance to France; the signing of the Locarno Treaties of 1925 was a major step toward the realization of this policy. Chamberlain helped initiate the breaking off of diplomatic relations with the USSR in 1927 (relations were resumed in 1929 by the new Labour government) and sought to renew the military intervention in the USSR. He served as first lord of the admiralty in 1931. In his final years, Chamberlain spoke out in Parliament about the aggressive intentions of Germany.

V. G. TRUKHANOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Yet Austen Chamberlain, who did attend and wrote to Lord Chelmsford shortly thereafter about the meeting, made no mention about sympathy for Cecil's initiative but did indicate that there was no enthusiasm for it; he also noted that there was no enthusiasm for Bonar Law's plan.
While the political feats of Joseph, Neville and Austen Chamberlain are well documented, Prof Marsh's new book, The Chamberlain Litany, Letters within a Governing Family from Em-m pire to Appeasement, reveals a glimpse into the female family members and the role they played in British history.
papers of Joseph Chamberlain, founder of the university, and Austen Chamberlain are also included.
Not since Austen Chamberlain in 1921 has the Tory Party chucked out a sitting leader before he even faced an election.
Love France like a woman," said Foreign Secretary Austen Chamberlain, though most British statesmen of the interwar years did not.
David and Ed Miliband become the first pair of brothers to sit in the Cabinet together for nearly 80 years, after Birmingham MPs Austen Chamberlain and his brother Neville joined the The 1929 Unionist Government.
But Austen Chamberlain, who was MP for Birmingham West, is often overlooked by historians who focus on his father, Joseph Chamberlain, and his half-brother, Neville Chamberlain.
Joseph Austen Chamberlain, born in 1863 held the posts of Postmaster General, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Secretary of State for India, and became leader of the Conservative Party in 1921.
Pictured standing (left to right) Sir Austen Chamberlain, Lord Harldane and Lord Milner' Above, Chamberlain pictured in 1902 and inset as a younger man.
Mr Hague is only the second Conservative leader not to become Prime Minister, following in the footsteps of Austen Chamberlain in the 1920s.