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a nation, the basic population of Austria (ove 95 percent). According to 1966 estimates, about 7 million Austrians live in Austria, and more than 2 million live in Italy (South Tyrol), America (mainly in the USA), and other countries. The literary language is German, with distinctive local dialects, including Viennese. About 90 percent of religious Austrians are Catholics, and the rest are Protestants. The Austrian nation was formed from several Germanic tribes—Alamanni, Bavarians, and Suevi—who mixed with the Slavs and the earlier Romanized Celts, Raetians, and Illyrians. The culture of the Austrians was influenced by Austria’s historic ties with the countries of the Danube Basin and the Apennine Peninsula, as well as by Austria’s membership in Austro-Hungary, a multinational state dominated by the Austrians. About 70 percent of the Austrians live in cities, and the majority of them are engaged in various branches of industry. Most of the rural population is engaged in mountain animal husbandry and farming. The material culture (housing, food, and clothing) of the Austrians in the mountain regions has retained its specific historic features. The Austrians are noted for their diversified folk art, especially in music—songs and dances.


Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 1. Moscow, 1964. (Bibliography.)


References in periodicals archive ?
The program participants are employed by Austrian Airlines from the very beginning and enjoy numerous employee benefits such as discounted flying.
In such situations, Austrians speak of Fortwursteln: muddling through.
Earlier, the Counter-Terrorism Office in Vienna revealed that over 100 Austrians from Turkish, Chechen and Bosnian origins were recruited and sent through Turkey to fight alongside the armed terrorist groups in Syria.
The research indicated that Austrians do not want to save because of low interest rates and high inflation.
As fewer Austrians identify as Catholic, fewer Austrian men are joining the priesthood and Austrian priests' opinions on the hierarchy have changed as well.
When Austrian Jews either died in concentration camps or were forced to flee the country, their property was taken over by Aryan Austrians, the great majority of whom refused to give it back after the war.
Yet in September the Chelsea gallery D'Amelio Terras staged "Drawings for the Austrian School," a solo show by up-and-coming artist John Morris that won praise from The New York Times.
Studies devoted to post-war Austrian literature have been appearing thick and fast in recent years.
As already the last chancellor of independent Austria before World War II, Kurt Schuschnigg, has pointed out, in 1938 neither the Austrian gover nment nor the Nazis had a majority of the population behind them.
Imperial Germany sided with the German-speaking Austrians.
Often thought of as clumsy and gristle filled, Austrian cuisine is as varied and sophisticated as any contemporary Asian menu.