Austrians


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Austrians

 

a nation, the basic population of Austria (ove 95 percent). According to 1966 estimates, about 7 million Austrians live in Austria, and more than 2 million live in Italy (South Tyrol), America (mainly in the USA), and other countries. The literary language is German, with distinctive local dialects, including Viennese. About 90 percent of religious Austrians are Catholics, and the rest are Protestants. The Austrian nation was formed from several Germanic tribes—Alamanni, Bavarians, and Suevi—who mixed with the Slavs and the earlier Romanized Celts, Raetians, and Illyrians. The culture of the Austrians was influenced by Austria’s historic ties with the countries of the Danube Basin and the Apennine Peninsula, as well as by Austria’s membership in Austro-Hungary, a multinational state dominated by the Austrians. About 70 percent of the Austrians live in cities, and the majority of them are engaged in various branches of industry. Most of the rural population is engaged in mountain animal husbandry and farming. The material culture (housing, food, and clothing) of the Austrians in the mountain regions has retained its specific historic features. The Austrians are noted for their diversified folk art, especially in music—songs and dances.

REFERENCE

Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 1. Moscow, 1964. (Bibliography.)

N. M. LISTOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
2) Austrians have been visiting professors at prestigious schools such as London School of Economics (Peter Boettke, Bruce Caldwell, Roger Garrison), Chicago (Peter Leeson), NYU (Adam Martin, Claudia Williamson) and Duke (David Skarbek).
On the other hand, Econ Lit-tracked journals should measure communication between Austrians and mainstream economists, which was Laband and Tollison's (2000) concern.
About two-thirds of Austrians describe themselves as Catholic.
The Austrians offered their help in development of alternative sources of energy, such as waste recycling, biomasses and other spheres.
The recent discussions of Arnold Schwarzenegger's feelings about Adolf Hitler--surprisingly, reporters failed to mention the Terminator's devotion to his friend the former Nazi officer Kurt Waldheim, who won an Iron Cross for Iris service to the Fuhrer--reminded me of one of the great mysteries of the modern era: How and why did Arnold's fellow Austrians escape their fair sham of accountability for their Nazi past?
The greatest achievement of the market process studied by the Austrians is its ability to coordinate disparate human knowledge into a spontaneous order that generates previously unimaginable wealth--the sort of wealth exemplified by Manhattan's are community.
Most Austrians felt that they had been forced into participation with Nazism, its war and crimes.
Why did the Austrians change their minds in the course of a few weeks?
These pioneers were listed in the Canadian censuses of 1901 and 1911 as Austrians, Bukovinians, Galicians, Ruthenians, Hungarians or Russians, according to their place of birth as registered in their passports because the ancient Ukrainian lands had been divided as spoils of war by surrounding nation states.
But as dinner guests traveled from other countries to eat at our restaurant, our fellow Austrians became curious.
There are undoubtedly many decent, democratic, and unprejudiced Austrians, and it would be totally unfair to blame the country for having been the birthplace of Adolf Hitler.
Artists have also played an instrumental role in the almost daily demonstrations, which reached their climax when 250,000 Austrians took to the streets of Vienna on February 19.