However, like cognate terms in other Austronesian languages
, mase was applied by the Motu to a spectrum of conditions which, in English glosses, ranged from involuntary unconsciousness (but not sleep, which is mahuta) to clinical death, as Strong had intuited.
According to him, in this archipelago and its inhabitants using an Austronesian language
, except some of the ethnic origin of the Peninsula using Astro-Asiatic language clumps, and some Papuan tribe in the Papuan language.
In almost all of the latter cases, the corresponding bases remain synchronically unanalyzable in the majority of Austronesian languages
and this is also true with many kele- words in Benuaq.
2008 Kadorih: Description of an Austronesian language
The integration of largely indigenous plant domesticates and exotic animal domesticates within ISEA and Near Oceania would have facilitated the expansion of Austronesian languages
in those regions; further coalescence formed the subsistence practices that enabled the subsequent colonisation of the majority of Remote Oceania from 3250-3100 cal BP.
What gave rise to the predominant theory that Austronesians have migrated from North Asia is that Austronesian languages
outside Taiwan, all part of the subfamily of Malayo-Polynesian, are closely related while all other subfamilies and their languages are found on Taiwan (see Greenhill & Gray 2005, 37).
This strategy is found, for example, in Southeast and East Asian languages, in West African languages, many Papuan languages, and also in some Austronesian languages
Unlike many Austronesian languages
, Benuaq apparently lacks a general term for "spirit beings," but like others, places them on the "invisible" side of a "visible" vs "invisible" dichotomy.
Morphosyntactic evidence for the position of Chamorro in the Austronesian language
family tree, in R.
He moved to Oregon and continued to work on Austronesian languages
, doing consultancies in many parts of Southeast Asia, in between occasional camping trips with Bobbie, traveling across the USA by motorbike.
Their origins, together with those of all other extra-Formosan Austronesian languages
, can be sourced to a linguistic reconstruction, termed Proto-Malayo- Polynesian, that underwent its initial period of differentiation somewhere in northern Island Southeast Asia.
According to Ross (2003:312) the East Papuan languages are survivals from the Pre- Austronesian period, which were largely displaced by the Austronesian languages
, but it is unknown whether the East Papuan languages are descended from the initial settlers 40,000 or 50,000 years ago or from later migrations.