Auvergne


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Auvergne

(ōvĕr`nyə), region and former province, S central France. The area is now occupied chiefly by the departments of Puy-de-Dôme, Allier, Haute-Loire, and Cantal. The Auvergne Mts., a chain of extinct volcanoes (see Massif CentralMassif Central
[Fr.,=central highlands], great mountainous plateau, c.33,000 sq mi (85,470 sq km), S central France, covering almost a sixth of the surface of the country.
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), run north to south forming unusual and beautiful scenery. There are also hot mineral springs, deep river gorges, and rolling pastureland in the region. Auvergne is largely agricultural (cattle, wheat, and grapes), with cheese and many wine manufactures. Industry is concentrated in Clermont-Ferrand (the capital), Aurillac, Riom, and Thiers. The Arvennis, an ancient people, occupied Auvergne when the Romans arrived. They had one of the most brilliant civilizations of Gaul, and their chieftain, Vercingetorix, led the resistance to Caesar. Auvergne was a part of Roman Aquitaine. It passed to the English in 1154. In the 14th cent. it was divided into the countship, dauphiny, and duchy of Avergne. The duchy and dauphiny, which were united under the dukes of Bourbon, were confiscated (1527) by Francis I after the treason of Constable Charles de Bourbon. The countship came into the royal domain in 1615. The reunited region was put under the Parlement of Paris. In some areas a local dialect is still spoken. There are many folk fetes, and much Romanesque architecture remains.

Auvergne

 

a historical region of France located within the Massif Central. Its territory comprises the departments of Allier, Puy-de-Dôme, Cantal, and Haute-Loire. Area, 26,200 sq km; population, 1,330,000 (1973). The principal city is Clermont-Ferrand.

In 1968, 26 percent of the work force was engaged in agriculture, and another 26 percent in industry. About 60 percent of the farmland is used for pastures; the remaining 40 percent is cultivated. More than 80 percent of the income from agriculture is provided by livestock raising, primarily for meat. Cattle are raised in mountain meadows. Along the river valleys, grains and potatoes are raised; in the Allier River valley, there is viticulture. Local industries include the production of rubber, metalworking, food processing, and clothing manufacture. The principal industrial centers are Clermont-Ferrand and Montluçon. There is a hydroelectric power plant in the region. Several resorts with mineral springs, such as Vichy and La Bourboule, are in Auvergne.


Auvergne

 

the highest part of the Massif Central in France. The maximum elevation is 1,886 m at Puy de Sancy. It is made up of a number of volcanic massifs, including the Massif du Cantal and Monts Dore. It also includes several individual inactive volcanoes of the Neocene, which rise above a plateau. There are broad-leaved and pine forests, mountain meadows, and shrubbery.

Auvergne

a region of S central France: largely mountainous, rising over 1800 m (6000 ft.)
References in periodicals archive ?
We sampled more Auvergne cuisine, with more snails, veal and cheese.
Hoping that Ibrahimovic will one day come to the restaurant and attempt to eat the whole burger, Grandin claimed that only seven people have managed to finish the burger so far, adding that he included Auvergne blue cheese as one of the ingredients as it is a 'cheese with character' like Ibrahimovic.
Unbeaten Clermont Auvergne secured a home draw with a bonuspoint victory as the Scarlets suffered their second competition whitewash in 17 years at Parc y Scarlets.
The Company has reached an agreement to enter into a time charter for the Genco Auvergne with Oldendorff Carriers GMBH and CO.
Under Armour, the originators of performance apparel, will design a new ASM Clermont Auvergne playing kit based on the innovation and technology that goes into the construction of their industry leading apparel, which is produced for the highest levels of Welsh Rugby, as well as football and American Football.
We have chosen to build and manage the future together, to strengthen our grain operations in Auvergne and consolidate our activities.
His aim is to produce a well-grounded model of Auvergne subsistence and society, which is neither based on the ethnographies of the Classical authors nor accords with any culturally homogeneous, pan-European `Celtic' model.
The Auvergne is not a place for fussy eaters or vegetarians.
In Auvergne, a cattle-raising area in central France, brucellosis control measures have been strictly observed since 1965, and systematic vaccination was stopped in 1983.
In May last year, Hans Hollein learned that he had won the competition mounted by the Regional Council of the Auvergne, under their president Valery Giscard d'Estaing, to realise the project for an 'Espace Naturel des Volcans' - literally a natural space for the study of volcanoes and their existence.
Castres hooker Brice Mach, Clermont Auvergne prop Vincent Debaty and Castres flyhalf Remi Tales replaced the injured Benjamin Kayser, suspended Rabah Slimani and dropped Francois Trinh-Duc on the replacements bench.