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a trend in French cinema originating in 1918.

To counterbalance commercial cinema, such directors as A. Ganse, G. Dulac, M. L’Herbeir, and G. Epstain, headed by L. Deluc, tried to assert the principles of high cinematic art, devoting much attention to attempts at original means of expression; they called for the disclosure of the essence of the subject through extensive use of rhythmical montage techniques, foreshortening, unfocused filming, and so on. These attempts ultimately underwent a significant evolution.

From the early 1920’s formalistic tendencies, the influence of such artistic trends as dadaism and surrealism, and an orientation toward the tastes of narrow circles of the refined bourgeois intelligentsia were expressed in the work of the avant-gardists. These very tendencies received the greatest dissemination and the most brilliant expression in France and other countries. The early works of R. Clair, J. Renoir, L. Grémillon, J. Vigo, L. Buñuel, and others have avant-garde ties. During the 1930’s a number of directors of the avant-garde moved toward realistic art.


Sadul’, Zh. Istoriia kinoiskusstva ot ego zarozhdeniia do nashikh dnei. Moscow, 1957. (Translated from French.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The author is a very good historian in this case, patiently recounting Xiao Lu's notorious February 1989 shooting of her installation, Dialogue (1989), at the National Art Museum of China, Beijing, during the country's first government-sponsored exhibition of avant-garde art, or describing the troubling use of fetuses and stillborn infants in performance activities before the Chinese government stopped the practice.
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Desmond Morris introduced him, which might itself have looked like a surrealist act if you did not know that the early career of that TV anthropologist was spent dabbling in avant-garde art.
Thus, for Burger, the function of avant-garde art is not the standard functionlessness of art in its full autonomy (the Aestheticist ideal), but that of critique itself--albeit through artistic as well as discursive means.
was influenced by fauvism, the avant-garde art movement promoting a
Professional artists are worried that by-passing the arts council will enable politicians to deny funding for avant-garde art and activities not considered "politically correct".
Surrealism The most popular avant-garde art movement of our time is the subject of the Desire Unbound exhibition at the Tate Modern this month.
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Yoshishige Saito, an internationally renowned artist and pioneer of the avant-garde art movement in Japan, died Wednesday at a Yokohama hospital, his family said.