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a trend in French cinema originating in 1918.

To counterbalance commercial cinema, such directors as A. Ganse, G. Dulac, M. L’Herbeir, and G. Epstain, headed by L. Deluc, tried to assert the principles of high cinematic art, devoting much attention to attempts at original means of expression; they called for the disclosure of the essence of the subject through extensive use of rhythmical montage techniques, foreshortening, unfocused filming, and so on. These attempts ultimately underwent a significant evolution.

From the early 1920’s formalistic tendencies, the influence of such artistic trends as dadaism and surrealism, and an orientation toward the tastes of narrow circles of the refined bourgeois intelligentsia were expressed in the work of the avant-gardists. These very tendencies received the greatest dissemination and the most brilliant expression in France and other countries. The early works of R. Clair, J. Renoir, L. Grémillon, J. Vigo, L. Buñuel, and others have avant-garde ties. During the 1930’s a number of directors of the avant-garde moved toward realistic art.


Sadul’, Zh. Istoriia kinoiskusstva ot ego zarozhdeniia do nashikh dnei. Moscow, 1957. (Translated from French.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Critics, nonetheless, can agree on the following: the inconclusive nature of the novel, its openness, and the unfinished character of its pages which have led some to identify it not without reason, as a major avant-guard text of Latin America's literary 'boom.
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The designers of the Avant-Guard PC Shield addressed the flaws in the firstgeneration monitor filters and the result is a lightweight, shatterproof filter that offers superior protection from glare and electro-magnetic emissions.
At EyeSpot, customers can choose stylish frames from exclusive collections such as Boucheron, Fred, gotti Switzerland and Zero G, or from a wide range of high quality, avant-guard frames designed for every aspect of one's personal, business and active lifestyle.
One of the last meetings of the finance minister was with Bulgaria-born avant-guard artist Christo Yavashev aka Christo, who said he will donate several of his works to the Bulgarian national museum complex in Sofia, nicknamed "The Bulgarian Louvre".
New panels this year will address a very eclectic range of topics including immigration, erotica, New Orleans and the post-Katrina recovery, blogging, peaceful living and avant-guard literature.