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a trend in French cinema originating in 1918.

To counterbalance commercial cinema, such directors as A. Ganse, G. Dulac, M. L’Herbeir, and G. Epstain, headed by L. Deluc, tried to assert the principles of high cinematic art, devoting much attention to attempts at original means of expression; they called for the disclosure of the essence of the subject through extensive use of rhythmical montage techniques, foreshortening, unfocused filming, and so on. These attempts ultimately underwent a significant evolution.

From the early 1920’s formalistic tendencies, the influence of such artistic trends as dadaism and surrealism, and an orientation toward the tastes of narrow circles of the refined bourgeois intelligentsia were expressed in the work of the avant-gardists. These very tendencies received the greatest dissemination and the most brilliant expression in France and other countries. The early works of R. Clair, J. Renoir, L. Grémillon, J. Vigo, L. Buñuel, and others have avant-garde ties. During the 1930’s a number of directors of the avant-garde moved toward realistic art.


Sadul’, Zh. Istoriia kinoiskusstva ot ego zarozhdeniia do nashikh dnei. Moscow, 1957. (Translated from French.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Membership in AvantGarde Rewards by Mangalis is free.
The E350 BlueTEC AVANTGARDE has an engine displacement of 3000 cc.
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Since 1999, Prada has embarked on a programme of new store designs and brand expansion through a select stellar cabal of the avantgarde (Rem Koolhaas, Kazuyo Sejima, and Herzog & de Meuron).
Here--just in time for summer-are some of the West's most wonderful and avantgarde white wines.
Designed by the avantgarde Miami architectural firm, Arquitectonica, the tower will stand as the most dramatic icon marking the entrance to the Times square district from the West.
He has been a lifelong avantgarde poet - surrealist, obscurantist, absurdist, a practitioner of concrete verse and found poetry.