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the language of the Avars, who live in the Dagestan ASSR, partially in the northern Azerbaijan SSR, and in the Severnaia Ossetia ASSR.

Avar belongs to the Dagestan (or northeastern) group of the Caucasian (Ibero-Caucasian) family of languages. It breaks down into a large number of dialects, local dialects, and local subdialects, which form the southern and northern dialects. The so-called Bolmats (“language of society”), an interdialectal language based on the northern dialect, is the basis of the Avar literary language. In 1959, 270,000 people spoke Avar. It is a second language of the Ando-Bidoi (or Andi-Tsez) nationalities of the Dagestan ASSR.

The structure of the Avar language is characterized by a complex system of consonants, the presence of noun classes, numerous local cases, and an ergative construction. Attempts to write Avar words in Arabic script date to the 15th century, but Avar literature based on the Arabic script gained widespread popularity only in the mid-19th century and early 20th century. In 1927, Arabic was replaced by Latin script and in 1938 by Russian script. After the October Revolution, the Avar literary language began to flourish. The creative contribution of Gamzat Tsadas (1877–1951) and R. Gamzatov (born 1923) exerted a great influence on the development of literary Avar.


Zhirkov, L. I. Grammatika avarskogo iazyka. Moscow, 1924.
Avarsko-russkii slovar’. Compiled by L. I. Zhirkov. Moscow, 1936. (A short Avar grammar is appended.)
Bokarev, A. A. Sintaksis avarskogo iazyka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Saidov, M. S., and Sh. I. Mikailov. Russko-avarskii slovar’. Makhachkala, 1951.
Saidov, M. S. Avarsko-russkii slovar’. Moscow, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
The reason for Theophylact's use of this proper noun is the narrative need to distinguish for his audience between different lands on the northern bank of the river Danube, some controlled by Avars, others by more or less independent Slavs (Curta 2011, 93).
Charlemagne's conquest of the Avars at the end of the eighth century leads to the so-called Moravian Mission of SS.
Al realizar el AVAR de medidas repetidas 2 (arousal) X 2 (valencia) para la variable dependiente tiempo de respuesta en la fase de reconocimiento, no se encontraron efectos de la valencia (F(1, 38)= 3,884, p>0,05), pero si del arousal (F(1, 38)= 14,582, p<0,01).
In Avar (Creissels 2009), different markers are added to the basic subessive case marker -L' for UNDER to express various directions: (5)
Win his poem 'Native Tongue,' Rasul Gamzatov writes how he loves his mother tongue--the Avar language .
The Cosoveni fibula may well be of slightly earlier date, given that the animal-style decoration is more typical of the Early than of the Middle Avar period.
Los dagestanies de etnias avar, darguin, lak, lezguin, tabasaran, rutul, agul, tzajur, --
No luxury - like his game,'' said 35-year-old Eric Avar, one of the two other designers.
The company entered into a joint marketing agreement with Sirius Laboratories, under which CollaGenex will promote Sirius' AVAR product line: AVAR Gel, AVAR Green and AVAR Cleanser.
The objective of Amplify's AVAR Program is to equip its Premier Resellers with in-depth training and solutions to address varying customer requirements and marketing support.
E-mail messages containing the worm may contain the subject `Re: AVAR (Association of Anti-Virus Asia Researchers'.
Borneheld hates the Icarii, a birdlike people who once ruled Achar, and the Avar, the people of the forest.