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the language of the Avars, who live in the Dagestan ASSR, partially in the northern Azerbaijan SSR, and in the Severnaia Ossetia ASSR.

Avar belongs to the Dagestan (or northeastern) group of the Caucasian (Ibero-Caucasian) family of languages. It breaks down into a large number of dialects, local dialects, and local subdialects, which form the southern and northern dialects. The so-called Bolmats (“language of society”), an interdialectal language based on the northern dialect, is the basis of the Avar literary language. In 1959, 270,000 people spoke Avar. It is a second language of the Ando-Bidoi (or Andi-Tsez) nationalities of the Dagestan ASSR.

The structure of the Avar language is characterized by a complex system of consonants, the presence of noun classes, numerous local cases, and an ergative construction. Attempts to write Avar words in Arabic script date to the 15th century, but Avar literature based on the Arabic script gained widespread popularity only in the mid-19th century and early 20th century. In 1927, Arabic was replaced by Latin script and in 1938 by Russian script. After the October Revolution, the Avar literary language began to flourish. The creative contribution of Gamzat Tsadas (1877–1951) and R. Gamzatov (born 1923) exerted a great influence on the development of literary Avar.


Zhirkov, L. I. Grammatika avarskogo iazyka. Moscow, 1924.
Avarsko-russkii slovar’. Compiled by L. I. Zhirkov. Moscow, 1936. (A short Avar grammar is appended.)
Bokarev, A. A. Sintaksis avarskogo iazyka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Saidov, M. S., and Sh. I. Mikailov. Russko-avarskii slovar’. Makhachkala, 1951.
Saidov, M. S. Avarsko-russkii slovar’. Moscow, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
Languages with richer case inventories typically involve more locations, like Avar (Creissels 2009: 617), in Table 10, which is based on ON, AT, UNDER and two varieties of IN ([IN.
More than 500,000 Karachai, Chechens, Ingush, and Balkars, and in less numbers Kumyks, Laks, and Avars, were deported to Siberia and Central Asia.
For more information about Amplify's AVAR Program, call 914/829-7513.
Bilateral Trade: AVAR Approach, Review of Economics and Statistics, 71, 4, 1989, pp.
It was taught that Mordekhai went before her (Hebrew, avar lefaneha) in her dream.
While two legs of the bus driver were broke off with the impact of the crash, passengers Mehmet Zeki Avar and Safiye Bahceci were killed and total of 15 people, two of them in critical condition, were injured during the accident.
Koigile oli silmatorkavaim ruumide mittevastavus seltskonna arvukusele: vast soetatud Eesti Maja oli kena ja vordlemisi avar, ent pagulaste staabina siiski aarmiselt kitsas.
This possibility is found in Avar, Andi, Akhvakh, Bagwalal, Chamalal, Karata, Tindi, Tsez, Hinukh, Khwarshi, Archi, Mugi Dargwa, i.
Korgemal klindiserval asetsevalt kalmelt avaneb avar vaade madalal olevale kulale ja veelgi kaugemale louna poole jaavatele aladele.
Avar and Russian, Bulgar and Saracen, all had invaded the domain of Byzantium at one time or another and ravaged the unprotected villages and countryside, only to be frustrated by the immensity of the walls surrounding the capital of eastern Christendom.
He has also given numerous lectures on heuristic algorithms at conferences like Virus Bulletin and AVAR.