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customary close relationship between the maternal uncle and his nephews, which originated in the period of the transition from the matriarchal to the patriarchal family system. The avunculate involves mutual rights and obligations that serve to keep the individual close to his mother’s elan. The avunculate existed among many ancient peoples, and vestiges of it remain among some present-day peoples of Africa, Oceania, and other parts of the world.
REFERENCESEngels, F. Proiskhozhdenie sem’i, chastnoi sobstvennosti i gosudarstva. Moscow, 1953. Page 141.
Kosven, M. O. “Avunkulat.” Sovetskaia etnografiia, 1948, no. 1.