Awami League


Also found in: Acronyms.

Awami League,

political organization in Pakistan and Bangladesh. It was founded in 1949 as an opposition party in Pakistan and had a moderately socialist ideology. The Awami [people's] League, with cofounder Sheikh Mujibur RahmanMujibur Rahman
, 1921–75, East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) political leader, prime minister of Bangladesh (1972–75), popularly known as Sheikh Mujib. Concerned that East Pakistan was unfairly dominated by West Pakistan, he helped found (1949) the Awami League to fight
..... Click the link for more information.
 as its leader from 1953, called in 1966 for a federation of East and West Pakistan, an arrangement that would have given much greater autonomy to East Pakistan. The party's candidates won a majority in the 1970 elections, but the central government in West Pakistan banned the League after war between East and West Pakistan erupted in early 1971. When Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan) won its independence in late 1971, the party was the nation's dominant political force. In 1981 and again in 1991 it was defeated in a popular election by the Bangladesh National party (BNP), but the League won the 1996 parliamentary elections, and party leader Hasina WazedWazed, Hasina
, 1947–, Bangladeshi political leader, grad. Univ. of Dhaka (1973). Popularly known as Sheikh Hasina, she is the daughter of Bangladesh's first prime minister, Mujibur Rahman and a member of the Awami League, which her father cofounded and led.
..... Click the link for more information.
, the daughter of Mujibur Rahman, became prime minister. The League lost the 2001 elections to the BNP in a landslide, but in 2008 the party was returned to power in a landslide and Sheikh Hasina again became (2009) prime minister. The 2014 elections, boycotted by the BNP, resulted in an Awami League landslide.

Awami League

 

(Urdu, “People’s League”), a political party in the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Founded in 1949 in Pakistan. It acquired its greatest influence in East Pakistan (East Bengal), where it actively participated in the Bengali national liberation movement. It was banned from 1958 to 1962. In December 1970 it won a brilliant victory in the elections to the National Assembly of Pakistan and the Legislative Assembly of East Pakistan. In March 1971, however, its activities were banned by the Pakistani military regime, and its leader—Sheikh Mujibur Rahman—was arrested. From April to December 1971 the Awami League headed the struggle for national independence in East Bengal. After East Bengal was proclaimed the People’s Republic of Bangladesh in 1971, leaders of the Awami League formed the government of the republic. [1–113–3; updated]

References in periodicals archive ?
The BNP boycotted the mayoral polls, allowing the Awami League to sail through virtually uncontested amidst charges of intimidation and vote rigging.
5 as "Democracy Killing Day" and hold a grand rally in the capital, while Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina's ruling Bangladesh Awami League party is all set to celebrate it as "Victory Day for Democracy", raising among the general masses the spectre of a return of wide spread violence in capital Dhaka and elsewhere in the country.
During the protest, HRDB and supporters spoke out against the injustice of the Awami League and the decline of democracy in Bangladesh.
Otherwise, it will not be possible to save the country and its people from the killer blade of the Awami League," she added.
The Awami League rightly pointed out that the caretaker government that took power in 2006, backed by the military, clung to power for two years, instead of the constitutionally mandated maximum of 90 days, and even tried to prevent Hasina from returning from abroad.
So when she announced an election on January 5 that would be run by her own Awami League government, the BNP assumed that the election would be rigged and declared that it would boycott it.
On Monday, the United States issued a statement that categorically called on the Awami League government to fix the situation.
Since BNP is currently boycotting parliament, and the Awami League holds a three-fourths majority, Chowdhury's nomination had no obstacles in the assembly.
They also attacked police camps, snatched their weapons and set ablaze offices of the Awami League in different parts of the country.
LAHORE -- Awami League chief Sheikh Rasheed has said economic disaster is likely to come within 10 to weeks.
Bangladesh television said activists of the ruling Awami League party clashed with opposition supporters near a university in Dhaka where witnesses said a legislator and 10 others were injured as police used batons to halt street marches.
Synopsis: Despite a landslide victory by the secular Awami League in the December 2008 election, Bangladeshis remain strongly religious in their personal lives, showing a movement toward separation of religion and politics.