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Awami League,political organization in Pakistan and Bangladesh. It was founded in 1949 as an opposition party in Pakistan and had a moderately socialist ideology. The Awami [people's] League, with cofounder Sheikh Mujibur RahmanMujibur Rahman
, 1921–75, East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) political leader, prime minister of Bangladesh (1972–75), popularly known as Sheikh Mujib. Concerned that East Pakistan was unfairly dominated by West Pakistan, he helped found (1949) the Awami League to fight
..... Click the link for more information. as its leader from 1953, called in 1966 for a federation of East and West Pakistan, an arrangement that would have given much greater autonomy to East Pakistan. The party's candidates won a majority in the 1970 elections, but the central government in West Pakistan banned the League after war between East and West Pakistan erupted in early 1971. When Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan) won its independence in late 1971, the party was the nation's dominant political force. In 1981 and again in 1991 it was defeated in a popular election by the Bangladesh National party (BNP), but the League won the 1996 parliamentary elections, and party leader Hasina WazedWazed, Hasina
, 1947–, Bangladeshi political leader, grad. Univ. of Dhaka (1973). Popularly known as Sheikh Hasina, she is the daughter of Bangladesh's first prime minister, Mujibur Rahman and a member of the Awami League, which her father cofounded and led.
..... Click the link for more information. , the daughter of Mujibur Rahman, became prime minister. The League lost the 2001 elections to the BNP in a landslide, but in 2008 the party was returned to power in a landslide and Sheikh Hasina again became (2009) prime minister. The 2014 elections, boycotted by the BNP, resulted in an Awami League landslide.
(Urdu, “People’s League”), a political party in the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Founded in 1949 in Pakistan. It acquired its greatest influence in East Pakistan (East Bengal), where it actively participated in the Bengali national liberation movement. It was banned from 1958 to 1962. In December 1970 it won a brilliant victory in the elections to the National Assembly of Pakistan and the Legislative Assembly of East Pakistan. In March 1971, however, its activities were banned by the Pakistani military regime, and its leader—Sheikh Mujibur Rahman—was arrested. From April to December 1971 the Awami League headed the struggle for national independence in East Bengal. After East Bengal was proclaimed the People’s Republic of Bangladesh in 1971, leaders of the Awami League formed the government of the republic. [1–113–3; updated]