Ayacucho


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Ayacucho

(äyäko͞o`chō), city (1993 pop. 105,918), capital of Ayacucho dept., S central Peru. It is a commercial center in a rich mining region that produces gold, silver, and nickel. Agriculture and light industry are the mainstays of the economy. On the plains of Ayacucho, near the city, Antonio José de SucreSucre, Antonio José de
, 1795–1830, South American revolutionist, b. Cumaná, Venezuela. He joined (1811) the forces fighting for independence from Spain and rose to be the chief lieutenant of Simón Bolívar.
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 crushingly defeated (Dec. 9, 1824) Spanish forces under Viceroy José de la SernaSerna, José de la
, 1770–1832, Spanish general, viceroy of Peru (1821–24). In 1821 the military leaders, dissatisfied with Viceroy Pezuela and his conduct of the war against José de San Martín, deposed Pezuela and named José de la Serna in
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. The battle not only secured Peruvian independence from Spain but also marked the triumph of the revolutionary forces in all Spanish South America. Known as Huamanga since the 16th cent., the city was renamed after the battle. It has a university and many fine examples of Spanish colonial architecture. In the 1980s and early 1990s it was the center of the terrorist group the Shining PathShining Path,
Span. Sendero Luminoso, Peruvian Communist guerrilla force, officially the Communist party of Peru. Founded in 1970 by Abimael Guzmán Reynoso as an orthodox Marxist-Leninist offshoot of the Peruvian Communist party, the Shining Path turned to
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.

Ayacucho

a city in SE Peru: nearby is the site of the battle (1824) that won independence for Peru. Pop.: 150 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
This new project would combine the Ayacucho trolley line with the intermodal public transportation system, which Indra has executed in Colombia's second-largest city, and the access control technology of the firm would be utilized in all modes of transport managed by Metro de MedellE[degrees]n.
The event followed years of research by the national prosecutor's office and the Equipo Forense Especializado de Ayacucho, a local forensics unit.
Yet, as Tucker shows, the same discourses constituting the perceived divide between highland and coastal Peru likewise serve to differentiate the refined huayno of Ayacucho and its upwardly-mobile urban mestizo listening audience from other types of huayno and emergent popular music hybrids, such as chicha, commonly associated with the rural indigenous and proletariat populations.
2) Facultad de Bioquimica, Quimica y farmacia, Batalla de Ayacucho 471, T4000INI, Tucuman, Argentina
Rivulus tomasi is described from Tobogan da la Selva, a tributary of the middle Rio Orinoco south of Puerto Ayacucho in the Amazonas Territories, southwest Venezuela.
The televised reception for the new ship, the Ayacucho, came after sources told Reuters a push by state oil company PDVSA to replace and expand its fleet was stumbling.
BSW) is pleased to announce acquisition of a polymetallic exploration project known as the Santa Cruz Project, located in the Parinacochas District, Ayacucho Province, Southern Peru.
Realizing the seriousness of his predicament, he cried out: "This broken arm ended the wars of independence in Ayacucho and created Bolivia.
The property consists of three concessions, covering 2994 hectares, and is located in the department of Ayacucho, 60 km east by paved road from the town of Puquio at elevation of 4400 to 4700 m.
The new center, based in the city of Ayacucho and opened by representatives of both companies, will offer customers and operators a close and reliable partner providing a comprehensive range of maintenance services.
Union leaders said that farmers in the regions of Junin, Huanuco, Ayacucho and Cuzco were also contemplating strikes in order to sell their potato crops.
The Pallarniyocc underground gold mine is located in the Province of Lucanas, Department of Ayacucho, Peru.