Aymaran


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Aymaran

 

language of the Indian tribes known as the Aymara, prevalent mainly in the southern part of the department of Puno, Peru, and in the departments of La Paz and Oruro, Bolivia. It is used concurrently with the official language, Spanish. Approximately 1.3 million people speak Aymara (1964).

Before the colonization of South America by the Spaniards in the 16th century, the Aymara language included more than 40 dialects and was different from its contemporary form. There are few ancient literary monuments in the Aymara language—they are fragments of poetic works, dedicated to the cult of the earth and sun. Missionaries have disseminated translations of the Bible, prayers, and sermons in the Aymara language. In 1900 an academy was founded in La Paz for the study of the language and history of the Aymara, and in 1901 it began to issue a monthly bulletin, which later ceased to appear on a regular basis.

WORKS

Gómez, B. Catecismo de la lengua aymará del Perú. Lima, 1583.
Apuntes para un catálogo de escritores de lenguas indígenas de América. Mexico, 1860.
Middendorf, E. W. Die Aymara-Sprachen. Leipzig, 1891.
Wissler, C. The American Indian, 3rd ed. New York, 1950.
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If we adopt an Aymaran point of view, however, we can face our literary ancestry head on.
Many of the women feared modern contraceptives and a number of them anticipated being discriminated against and receiving poor treatment because they were Aymaran.
In arid northern Chile, Aymaran knowledge of irrigation technology dates back 15,000 years.
One prominent leader who already stands in firm opposition to Morales is Aymaran nationalist Felipe Quispe of the Movimiento Indigena Pachakuti (MIP).
Another commonality is the ethnic makeup of Ilave and Ayo Ayo, which both consist of Aymaran indigenous, the most populous native group in the region.
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