Aymer of Valence

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Aymer of Valence

(ā`mər, vəlĕns`, väläNs`), d. 1260, bishop of Winchester; son of Isabella (widow of King John of England) and Hugh X, count of La Marche. He was thus half-brother of King Henry III of England. He is sometimes called Æthelmar. Henry forced the chapter of Winchester to elect Aymer bishop in 1250, but his youth and ignorance, combined with his disinclination to assume the responsibilities along with the revenues of office, delayed his consecration. He was one of the king's 12 delegates in formulating the Provisions of OxfordProvisions of Oxford,
1258, a scheme of governmental reform forced upon Henry III of England by his barons. In 1258 a group of barons, angered by the king's Sicilian adventure and the expenditures it entailed, compelled Henry to accept the appointment of a committee of 24
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. However, he refused to swear to them, and hostility toward him and his brothers was an important factor in the Barons' WarBarons' War,
in English history, war of 1263–67 between King Henry III and his barons. In 1261, Henry III renounced the Provisions of Oxford (1258) and the Provisions of Westminster (1259), which had vested considerable power in a council of barons, and reasserted his
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. Later he and his brothers had to flee the continent. Aymer was consecrated by the pope in 1260 and was on his way back to England when he died in Paris.
References in periodicals archive ?
Phillips, Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, 1307-1324: Baronial Politics in the Reign of Edward II (Oxford, 1972); J.