Ayodhya

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Ayodhya

(əyōd`yə) or

Ajodhya

(əjōd`yə), former town, Uttar Pradesh state, N India, on the Ghaghara River. It is a joint municipality with FaizabadFaizabad
or Fyzabad
, town (1991 pop. 176,922), Uttar Pradesh state, N central India, on the Ghaghara River. It is a joint municipality with Ayodhya. A district administrative center and market town, Faizabad trades in local produce and has sugar refineries.
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. Ayodhya was the capital of the kingdom of Kosala (7th cent. B.C.). Long associated with Hindu legend of Rama and his father Dasharatha (see RamayanaRamayana
[story of Rama], classical Sanskrit epic of India, probably composed in the 3d cent. B.C. Based on numerous legends, it is traditionally the work of Valmiki, one of the minor characters.
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), the town is a center of pilgrimage and is one of the seven sites sacred to Hindus. In the late 1980s it became the center of Muslim-Hindu tensions, and in 1992 fundamentalist Hindus pulled down the 16th-century Babri mosque that they alleged stood on the site of Rama's birthplace. In 2003 the Archaeological Survey of India reported that remains of a structure with features like those of Hindu temple were underneath the mosque. A 2009 report on the razing by former Indian Supreme Court Justice M. S. Liberhan accused many prominent Hindu nationalists of planning, supporting, or failing to prevent the attack, and named A. B. VajpayeeVajpayee, Atal Bihari
, 1926–, Indian politician, prime minister of India (1996, 1998–2004). He began his career as a journalist, entering politics as an unsuccessful parliamentary candidate in 1950.
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 and other Bharatiya Janata partyBharatiya Janata party
[Hindi,=Indian People's party] (BJP), Indian political party that espouses Hindu nationalism. The BJP draws its Hindu nationalist creed from the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS; National Self-Service Organization), a group founded in 1925 in opposition to
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 leaders as being among those who were in some way culpable. The site of the razed mosque has long been a source of contention; a lawsuit over ownership of the site that dated to 1950 was decided only in 2010. The decision divided the land between Hindus and Muslims, but parties on both sides announced plans for appeals, and in 2011 the supreme court suspended the ruling. Ayodhya was formerly called Oudh.