Azande


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Azande

 

(also Sande, Bazenda, Nyam-Nyam; self-designation, a-Zande), a people inhabiting the area between the Wele and Bomu rivers in the Congo (capital Kinshasa) and adjacent districts of the Central African Republic and Sudan. The total population was estimated at about 1.6 million in 1967. The Azande speak the Zande language. Traditional beliefs, such as those of the ancestor cult and the cult of the forces of nature, are maintained. During the 18th and 19th centuries, the Azande founded a single league of tribes headed by a paramount chief. They are engaged chiefly in agriculture, producing sorghum, millet, corn, and manioc. Cattle breeding is also practiced. In the late 19th century, the Azande were studied and described by the Russian traveler V. V. Iunker.

REFERENCES

Seligman, C. G. Pagan Tribes of the Nilotic Sudan. London, 1932.
Evans-Pritchard, E. E. Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic Among the Azande. Oxford, 1937.

Azande

 

(or Banda), a plateau in Central Africa, spanning the Central African Republic, the Congo (since 1971, Zaire; capital, Kinshasa), and the Sudan. It is a watershed between the Congo Basin, Lake Chad, and the Nile. The plateau was formed by crystalline and metamorphic Precambrian rocks. Its average height is 600 to 900 m, the highest point in the west being 1,400 m. Savannah-type vegetation with patches of deciduous forests covers the plateau; evergreen fringe forests grow along the rivers. The Azande Plateau is a source of gold and diamonds.

References in periodicals archive ?
For instance, Evans-Pritchard observes that those who make unpleasant allusions to others, or threaten them with misfortune should they displease them are often suspected of witchcraft among the Azande (51).
While they may be metaphysical, the conception of personhood in African cultures are generally normative, such as among the Igbo, Luo, Akan, Azande, Bokis, or Kikuyu, societies in which the identity of the individual is ontologically, spiritually, and normatively connected to that of the community.
Perhaps nowhere does Polanyi's account of cognitive practices come closer to Viconian thought than in Personal Knowledge's contrasting of modern science with Azande witchcraft, both of which Polanyi views as more or less closed circles of thought (287-94).
Evans-Pritchard, Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic Among the Azande (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1937); The Nuer (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1940); and Nuer Religion (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1956); P.
Evans-Pritchard's (1932) account of Azande spermarche implies that, in the absence of a chronological age reckoning, a boy's developmental status was actually measured by the appearance of his ejaculate:
The former was what the Azande called "stupid" magic, that is, it did specified damage to a specific victim or, in other words, no more or less than what the practitioner told it to do.
begin with the Azande and they show, rightly, that the Azande recognize ancestors (cf.
Evans-Pritchard, Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic Among the Azande 63-83 (1937); Robin Fox, Pueblo Baseball: A New Use for Old Witchcraft, in Encounter with Anthropology 182 (1968).
at 1437-41; (6) the Azande, Siwah, el Garah, Basotho, Venda, Meru, Phalaborwa, Nuer, Bantu, and Lovedu societies of Africa, see id.
Western Equatoria state has also plunged into tribal conflict pitting youth from the host community of Azande and Moro and resettling armed pastoralists from the Dinka ethnic group, where deadly clashes occurred in the state last month.
The historical trajectory of the endeavour is exemplified by Evans-Pritchard's 1937 argument for the rationality of Azande views of sorcery (Evans-Pritchard 1976), and in more recent times by Kapferer's phenomenological consideration of Sinhalese sorcery 'as disclosing dimensions of human action which may be more obscured in apparently different or similar practices elsewhere' (Kapferer 1997:11).
See Edward Evans-Pritchard, Oracles and Magic among the Azande, abridged with intro, by Eva Gillies (Oxford: Clarendon, 1976) 221.