Azerbaijani

(redirected from Azeri)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Azerbaijani

 

the language of the Azerbaijanis; a people living in the Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Dagestan ASSR, Uzbek SSR, Kazakh SSR, and Ukrainian SSR, and also in Iran and Iraq.

The Azerbaijani language was spoken by about 2.94 million people in the USSR in 1959; 3.6 million speakers were estimated for the beginning of 1965. Azerbaijani belongs to the southwestern branch of the Turkic languages. It derives from the language of the Oguz tribes of Central Asia of the 7th to 11th centuries; that language is considered the precursor of several modern Turkic languages, including Azerbaijani and Turkish. In the process of development, these languages underwent changes in their phonetic structure, grammar and morphology, and vocabulary.

A large number of dialects are noted in spoken Azerbaijani, and these are assigned to the following groups: the eastern group (Kuba, Derbent, Baku, Shemakha, Mugan, and Lenkoran); the western group (Kazakh, Karabakh Giandzhinskii, and Airumy); the northern group (Nukha and Zakatalo-Kakhi); and the southern group (Nakhichevan, Ordubad, and Tabriz, dialects, and the Yerevan speech). Special groups of Azerbaijani constitute dialects—the Kashka, Avsa in Iran and Afghanistan, and Terek in the Armenian and Georgian SSR’s.

Azerbaijani literature began to appear in the 11th century, whereas modern Azerbaijani literature was formed in the mid-19th century based on the Baku and Shemakha dialects. The language was written in the Arabic alphabet until 1929, the Latin alphabet from 1929 to 1939, and the modified Russian Cyrillic alphabet since 1939.

REFERENCES

Shiraliev, M. A. “K voprusu ob izuchenii i klassifikatsii azerbai-dzhanskikh dialektov.” Izv. Azerbaidzhanskogo filiala AN SSSR, 1941, no. 4.
Dämirchizadä , Ä . Azäri ädäbi dili Tarikhi. Baku, 1967.
Dämirchizadä , E. Azärbayjan ädäbi dili Tarikhi khulasäläri. Baku, 1938.
Russko-azerbaidzhanskii slovar’. Edited by G. Guseinov. Volumes 1–4, Baku, 1940–1946.

T. G. BRIANTSEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
At the same time, however, Azeri commanders holding out in Shusha (the old Persian capital of Karabakh), began a massive artillery and rocket bombardment of the nearby Stepanakert, the new (Armenian) capital of NKR.
Many Iranian Azeris do not seek separation from Iran but do want to see more use of the Azeri language and more attention paid to Azeri history.
A gas leak at an Azeri platform prompted the evacuation of the rig's 211 personnel.
Agdam, where Thursday's reported violence occured, is one of seven Azeri districts surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh and is held by Armenian forces.
Azeri keeper Farahd Veliyev, under pressure from Simon Church, could not hold the ball and it broke loose for Edwards to rifle home.
The Azeri embassy has been contacted for a response.
Over the past 14 years, the United Nations has passed four resolutions calling for an Armenian withdrawal from the seven occupied provinces, but to date this sovereign Azeri territory remains a bargaining chip for the Armenians in any negotiated settlement on the future status of Nagorno-Karabakh.
Total oil production in the Azeri field will then reach more than 800,000 barrels per day.
Averaged production from West Azeri in 2006 is forecast to be 70,000 b/d.
To ensure that Azeri officials would permit their foreign investment consortium to gain control of the national oil company, U.
Located in approximately 420 feet of water 62 miles east of Baku, Central Azeri production began from the first of 10 pre-drilled production wells on Feb.
2 England owe their 1966 World Cup victory to an Azeri.