Azores

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Azores

(əzôrz`, ā`zôrz), Port. Açores [Port.,=hawks], islands (1991 pop. 241,592), 905 sq mi (2,344 sq km), and autonomous region of Portugal, in the Atlantic Ocean, c.900 mi (1,448 km) W of mainland Portugal. The nine main islands are São Miguel (the largest) and Santa Maria in the southeast; Terceira, Pico, Faial, São Jorge, and Graciosa in the center; and Flores and Corvo in the northwest. Ponta Delgada is the largest city. The fertile soil yields many crops and supports vineyards. The islands are also a resort area, although there is volcanic activity. The United States maintains a NATO air base in the islands.

The Azores may have been known to the ancients and were included on a map in 1351. Portuguese sailors reached them in 1427 or 1431, but colonization did not begin until 1445 under Diogo de Sevilha or Gonçalo Velho Cabral (who may have been there in 1431). During the colonial period, the Azores were a stopover point for treasure fleets returning from the New World, and many ships were lost there due to hurricanes or pirates. The islands were used as a place of exile and were also the site of naval battles between the English and the Spanish. In the 19th cent. they were used by supporters of Maria II against Dom Miguel. In the 20th cent., there has been a large outmigration to the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
Azorean cheeses, like Sao Jorge and Isla, are also superb, and I enjoy two of the best steaks of my life.
The illustrated specimen, deposited in the herbarium at Tubingen by German botanist Karl Hochstetter, was collected during his tour of six of the nine Azorean islands in 1838.
In 2008, Jaronski traveled to the Azores to teach the Azorean scientists how to mass produce spores ofM anisopliae.
That same year he also organized the first Holy Christ of Miracles (Senhor Santo Cristo dos Milagres) procession in Toronto, a long-standing Azorean tradition perpetuated in Canada, and one of the largest public events organized by that community, attracting Portuguese immigrants from all over North America.
Another operation (2 boats, 17 Azorean whalemen) that began in early 1896 and continued into the spring of 1898 (3 seasons) took "several dozen" whales per year (Lydon, 2001; also see Berwick, 1900; Bertao, 2006:86-90).
This makes the Azorean populations a suitable model to study the effects of altitude-correlated environmental factors on spore maturation and release.
The Azorean flag-carrying airline, the Azores Express, hired us to help promote it as a destination.
The group, which had previously certified the Azorean pole and line skipjack tuna fishery in 2006, said that tuna from Sri Lanka's Global Sea Foods and Decatrading, and sushi tuna from the Swiss producer Covedis and retailer Manor were covered by the latest certification.
Effect of island geological age on the arthropod species richness of Azorean pastures.
The metaphorical "tenth island" in Azorean literature; the theme of emigration in the Azorean imagination.
Moniz, Miguel, Exiled home: Criminal deportee forced return migrants and transnational identity, the Azorean example.
Drouet, 1861; Chaves, 1924; Ferreira, 1935) refer to this species as "regularly occurring in Azorean waters".